International Legal Framework on the Fight Against Illicit Tobacco Trade: An Overview
- Political ScienceCombatting Illicit Trade on the EU Border
This chapter addresses binding legal provisions referring to combating illicit tobacco trade in international law and EU law. Analysis covers ﬁ rst the relevant provisions of the World Health…
Overview of systematic reviews on the health-related effects of government tobacco control policies
- Medicine, Political ScienceBMC Public Health
Protecting people from tobacco smoke was the most strongly supported government intervention, with smoke-free policies associated with decreased smoking behaviour, secondhand smoke exposure and adverse health outcomes, and bans on tobacco advertising were inconclusive.
Assessing Implementation Mechanisms for an International Agreement on Research and Development for Health Products
- Political ScienceBulletin of the World Health Organization
The challenge lies in choosing the most effective combinations of mechanisms for supporting an international agreement (or set of agreements) that achieves collective aspirations in a way and at a cost that is both sustainable and acceptable to those involved.
Much Can Be Learned about Addressing Antibiotic Resistance from Multilateral Environmental Agreements
- Political ScienceThe Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
More research on global strategies for achieving collective action is needed to help inform future institutional designs that are both effective and politically feasible.
Visualizing data: Trends in smoking tobacco prices and taxes in India
- Medicine, EconomicsGates open research
It is found that some but not all tax changes were accompanied by price changes and in particular, that tax decreases did not result in price decreases, and both cigarettes and bidis have become more affordable since 2000.
Smokefree New Zealand 2025: A Beacon for Global Tobacco and Nicotine Policy Reform.
- Political ScienceChest
Cigarette consumption estimates for 71 countries from 1970 to 2015: systematic collection of comparable data to facilitate quasi-experimental evaluations of national and global tobacco control interventions
This new dataset confirms that cigarette consumption has decreased in most countries over the past three decades, but that secular country specific consumption trends are highly variable and underscore the need for more robust processes in data reporting.
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Report from subgroup education, training, infrastructure and patient involvement under OECD GSF working group to facilitate international cooperation in non-commercial clinical trials
The present article describes the work of the Education and Training Subgroup of the OECD Working Group, including a description of the scope and status of related initiatives in these fields in different countries as well as consensus recommendations arising from the Sub－group.
Mobilizing for Human Rights: International Law in Domestic Politics
- Political Science, Law
1. Introduction 2. Why international law? The development of the international human rights regime in the twentieth century 3. Theories of commitment 4. Theories of compliance 5. Civil rights 6.…