WHERE ARE THE MOST INTENSE THUNDERSTORMS ON EARTH

@article{Zipser2006WHEREAT,
  title={WHERE ARE THE MOST INTENSE THUNDERSTORMS ON EARTH},
  author={E. Zipser and D. Cecil and C. Liu and S. Nesbitt and David P. Yorty},
  journal={Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society},
  year={2006},
  volume={87},
  pages={1057-1071}
}
The instruments on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite have been observing storms as well as rainfall since December 1997. This paper shows the results of a systematic search through seven full years of the TRMM database to find indicators of uncommonly intense storms. These include strong (> 40 dBZ) radar echoes extending to great heights, high lightning flash rates, and very low brightness temperatures at 37 and 85 GHz. These are used as proxy variables, indicating… Expand
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