author={Sandra Wilson},
  journal={International Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={187 - 218}
  • Sandra Wilson
  • Published 1 July 2008
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of Asian Studies
Abstract The 1950s in Japan are usually considered to be marked by pacifism or a “victim consciousness” related to World War II, together with a rejection of war and of the military. Yet attention to the popular press and other sources designed to reflect and appeal to a mass audience, rather than magazines carrying debates among intellectuals, shows that throughout the 1950s the recent war was a much more dynamic issue than typically has been recognized, and that former soldiers were far from… 
Hostages to International Relations? The Repatriation of Japanese War Criminals from the Philippines
While the Philippines was one of the last of the Allied nations to execute Japanese war criminals, it was also one of the first to allow for their repatriation and pardon. This article examines the
After the Trials: Class B and C Japanese War Criminals and the Post-War World
‘Lesser’ Japanese war criminals, or those in Classes ‘B’ and ‘C’, were prosecuted by the various Allied powers in courtrooms around Asia after the Second World War. They were then executed or
Repatriation and the Limits of Resolve: Japanese War Criminals in Australian Custody
In 1953, the Australian government repatriated convicted Japanese war criminals. These were the last war criminals held by the wartime allies to be returned to Japan. The Australian government's
Pawns of Empire: Postwar Taiwan, Japan and the Dilemma of War Crimes
Examining the plight of the Taiwanese, who were pawns in the larger conflict of World War Two, helps us to understand the complicated process of the breakdown of the Japanese empire. The postwar
Prisoners in Sugamo and their Campaign for Release, 1952–1953
The great majority of Japanese war criminals served part or all of their sentences in Sugamo Prison in Tokyo, either because they had been tried in Japan, or after repatriation from overseas. Once
From Demilitarization to Democratization. Demobilized Soldiers Between the American Occupation and the German and Japanese States, 1945–1955
Abstract The demilitarization of Germany and Japan constituted one of the most important goals of the Allies during and after the end of the Second World War and caused the abolishment of the German
Illiberal Transitional Justice and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) was created by an agreement between the Cambodian government and the United Nations with a mandate to put Khmer Rouge leaders on trial for
‘A Symbol of Tradition and Modernity’: Itō Masanori and the Legacy of the Imperial Navy in the Early Postwar Rearmament Process
In the literature on the Japanese postwar rearmament, the loss of credibility of the Imperial armed forces prompted the Japan Self-Defence Forces to distance themselves from that institutional
‘A Continuous Retrial’: Trans/national Memory in Chinese and Japanese Tribunal Films
On the 60th anniversary of the end of WWII, three prominent East Asian films on the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) appeared in China and Japan. The Chinese film Tokyo Trial
Representations of the Masculine in Tagame Gengoroh's Ero SM Manga
Abstract Tagame Gengoroh (1964–) is a Japanese manga writer who specialises in erotic gay male SM themed comics. Though prolific and having a substantial cult following in his native Japan, parts of


War Memory and Social Politics in Japan, 1945-2005
Japan has long wrestled with the memories and legacies of World War II. In the aftermath of defeat, war memory developed as an integral part of particular and divergent approaches to post-war
Bodies of memory : narratives of war in postwar Japanese culture, 1945-1970
Japan and the United States became close political allies so quickly after the end of World War II, that it seemed as though the two countries had easily forgotten the war they had fought. Here
Projections of War: Hollywood, American Culture, and World War II
In this cultural history of the USA during World War II, Thomas Doherty examines the interaction between Hollywood cinema and America's involvement in the war. He reveals how and why Hollywood
The past in the present: War in narratives of modernity in the 1920s and 1930s
If modernity is characterized by economic, political, and social transformation, it is equally a matter of beliefs, values, and human consciousness. One of the features of modernity may well be a
The Resurgence of Military Elements in Japan
BEFORE the outbreak of the Korean war, it was difficult to determine whether former members of the old Japanese army were engaging in clandestine activities. Not only did the individuals in question
A Peace Worth Having: Delayed Repatriations and Domestic Debate over the San Francisco Peace Treaty
During the negotiation of the Peace Treaty that would end the Occupation in the spring and summer of 1951, its terms became a matter of great concern for the families of those Japanese still awaiting
Japanese Army stragglers and memories of the war in Japan, 1950-1975
Introduction 1. The Shared Past: Mobilisation for War 2. Creating Stragglers: Demobilisation, 1945-1950 3. 'Five Years on Mice and Potatoes': Exotic stragglers, 1950-1952 4. 'Living Spirits of the
Popular Representations of the Past: The Case of Postwar Japan
This article examines the popular representations of the past in literature, film and television in postwar Japan, with the focus on the war. The main aim is to derive a general overview of how
Having it so good : Britain in the fifties
Winner of the Orwell Prize for Political Writing, Peter Hennessy's "Having it So Good: Britain in the Fifties" captures Britain in an extraordinary decade, emerging from the shadow of war into
The World War II Combat Film: Anatomy of a Genre
One of America's most renowned film scholars, Jeanine Basinger, offers a revealing, perceptive and highly readable look at the combat film. Discussing over one thousand movies, Basinger covers