Vulnerability of water distribution systems to pathogen intrusion: how effective is a disinfectant residual?

@article{Propato2004VulnerabilityOW,
  title={Vulnerability of water distribution systems to pathogen intrusion: how effective is a disinfectant residual?},
  author={Marco Propato and James G. Uber},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  year={2004},
  volume={38 13},
  pages={3713-22}
}
Can the spread of infectious disease through water distribution systems be halted by a disinfectant residual? This question is overdue for an answer. Regulatory agencies and water utilities have long been concerned about accidental intrusions of pathogens into distribution system pipelines (i.e., cross-connections) and are increasingly concerned about deliberate pathogen contamination. Here, a simulation framework is developed and used to assess the vulnerability of a water system to… CONTINUE READING