Vulnerability of laptop computers to volcanic ash and gas

  title={Vulnerability of laptop computers to volcanic ash and gas},
  author={Grant Michael Wilson and Thomas M. Wilson and Jim Cole and Christopher Oze},
  journal={Natural Hazards},
Laptop computers are vital components of critical infrastructure sectors and a common tool in broader society. As they become more widely used, their exposure to volcanic hazards will increase. Therefore, understanding how laptops will function in volcanic environments is necessary to provide suitable mitigation options. In this study, laptop computers were subjected to volcanic ash and gas in both laboratory and field settings. None of the laptops sustained permanent damage in laboratory… 
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