Vulnerability mapping as a tool to manage the environmental impacts of oil and gas extraction

  title={Vulnerability mapping as a tool to manage the environmental impacts of oil and gas extraction},
  author={Surina Esterhuyse and Frank Sokolic and Nola Redelinghuys and Marinda Avenant and Andrzej Kijko and Jan Glazewski and Lisa Plit and Marthie E. Kemp and Ansie Smit and A. Tascha Vos and Michael von Maltitz},
  journal={Royal Society Open Science},
Various biophysical and socio-economic impacts may be associated with unconventional oil and gas (UOG) extraction. A vulnerability map may assist governments during environmental assessments, spatial planning and the regulation of UOG extraction, as well as decision-making around UOG extraction in fragile areas. A regional interactive vulnerability map was developed for UOG extraction in South Africa. This map covers groundwater, surface water, vegetation, socio-economics and seismicity as… 
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