Vulnerability beyond Stereotypes: Context and Agency in Hurricane Risk Communication

  title={Vulnerability beyond Stereotypes: Context and Agency in Hurricane Risk Communication},
  author={Heather Lazrus and Betty Hearn Morrow and Rebecca Morss and Jeffrey K. Lazo},
  journal={Weather, Climate, and Society},
AbstractRisk communication may accentuate or alleviate the vulnerability of people who have particular difficulties responding to the threat of hazards such as hurricanes. The process of risk communication involves how hazard information is received, understood, and responded to by individuals and groups. Thus, risk communication and vulnerability interact through peoples' knowledge, attitudes, and practices. This study explores risk communication with several groups that may be at particular… 

Tables from this paper

Creation and Communication of Hurricane Risk Information
Reducing loss of life and harm when a hurricane threatens depends on people receiving hurricane risk information that they can interpret and use in protective decisions. To understand and improve
Factors Affecting Hurricane Evacuation Intentions
Results reinforce the value of focusing hurricane information efforts on evacuation plans and residential vulnerability and suggest avenues for future research on how hurricane contexts shape decision making.
Tsunami Warning Message Interpretation and Sense Making: Focus Group Insights
AbstractHazard warning messages are intended to shift people from a sense of safety to a sense of risk, while providing guidance for protective action. Message features, such as the content elements
Rethinking warning compliance and complacency by examining how people manage risk and vulnerability during real-world tornado threats
The weather community has a keen interest in whether or not people comply with tornado warnings by taking shelter when a tornado threatens. When people do not seek shelter, a commonly attributed
Eyeing the storm: How residents of coastal Florida see hurricane forecasts and warnings.
A Mental Models Study of Hurricane Forecast and Warning Production, Communication, and Decision-Making*
AbstractThe study reported here explores how to enhance the public value of hurricane forecast and warning information by examining the entire warning process. A mental models research approach is
Insights into Flood‐Coping Appraisals of Protection Motivation Theory: Empirical Evidence from Germany and France
Surprisingly, observational learning from the social environment, such as friends and neighbors, is positively related to flood-coping appraisals, which suggests that social norms and networks play an important role in flood-preparedness decisions.
Far Far Away in Far Rockaway: Responses to Risks and Impacts during Hurricane Sandy through First-Person Social Media Narratives
The hurricane-related experiences and behaviors shared on Twitter by residents of Far Rockaway, a New York City neighborhood that is geographically and socioeconomically vulnerable to disasters, which was significantly affected by the storm are examined.


Creation and Communication of Hurricane Risk Information
Reducing loss of life and harm when a hurricane threatens depends on people receiving hurricane risk information that they can interpret and use in protective decisions. To understand and improve
Social Vulnerabilities and Hurricane Katrina: An Unnatural Disaster in New Orleans
Studies have been done to show how social structures and processes that place at risk specific segments of human populations, as well as human populations in general, can create a disaster when a
Identifying and mapping community vulnerability.
This article extends the argument using American demographic trends that certain categories of people, such as the poor, the elderly, women-headed households and recent residents, are at greater risk throughout the disaster response process.
Reading Hurricane Katrina: Information Sources and Decision‐making in Response to a Natural Disaster
Results from face‐to‐face qualitative interviews of people who had evacuated from the New Orleans area in the wake of Hurricane Katrina argue for the rejection of a “deficit model” that assumes varied reactions to natural disaster result from some kind of an information deficiency, and remind us that behavior under such circumstances is the result of a process of collective behavior.
Risk Perception and Experience: Hazard Personality Profiles and Individual Differences
  • J. Barnett, G. Breakwell
  • Psychology
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
  • 2001
The results indicate the importance of developing more fine-grained ways of indexing risk experience, and the dominance of the "psychometric" paradigm and the consequent emphasis on personality profiles of hazards has resulted in little attention being given to individual variability in risk judgments.
Ethnicity, Culture, and Disaster Response: Identifying and Explaining Ethnic Differences in PTSD Six Months After Hurricane Andrew
Abstract A sample of 404 residents of southern Florida were interviewed in their own homes six months after Hurricane Andrew. The sample was composed of equal numbers of hispanics, non-Hispanic
Social Vulnerability to Climate-Sensitive Hazards in the Southern United States
AbstractThe southern United States is no stranger to hazard and disaster events. Intense hurricanes, drought, flooding, and other climate-sensitive hazards are commonplace and have outnumbered
Social Science Research Needs: Focus on Vulnerable Populations, Forecasting, and Warnings
This paper assesses the state of social science research specific to populations at risk vis-a-vis weather forecasting and warnings. At-risk populations are defined as groups historically