Vt hkskdkxt: Early Medieval Cryptography, Textual Errors, and Scribal Agency

  title={Vt hkskdkxt: Early Medieval Cryptography, Textual Errors, and Scribal Agency},
  author={Benjamin A. Saltzman},
  pages={975 - 1009}
Countless cryptographic specimens survive in a great variety of medieval manuscripts, found at the center of pages and in their margins, as colophons, acrostics, and solutions to riddles, as glosses and scribal notes, and occasionally as examples in descriptive tracts on the practice and purpose of cryptography itself; they are found as often inmanuscripts from the ninth century as they are inmanuscripts from the fourteenth; as often from England as from the Continent; as often in Latin as in… 
Old English in the Irish Charms
This article presents a reassessment of the evidence provided by the extant medieval Irish medical manuscripts for ritualized healing charms, focusing on a group of blood-staunching incantations
The Key of Ordering: Reading Musical Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries
This is a study of a complex attitude toward manuscript production and an associated reading practice in musical manuscripts from thirteenthand fourteenth-century France. The practice is based on the
It has been observed that beyond technical complications, human factors play a dominant role in ensuring security and this effort to explore human role in digital disaster.
Cybersecurity Challenges Associated With the Internet of Things in a Post-Quantum World
This study examines how the third-generation partnership project (3GPP) IoT security solutions fair in a post-quantum environment, and presents promising lattice-driven cryptographic techniques which prove quantum resistance.


Riddling and Reading: Iconicity and Logogriphs in Exeter Book Riddles 23 and 45
Abstract Literary riddles have enjoyed a reputation as valuable teaching tools of grammar, logic and rhetoric since Classical Antiquity. Alongside the typical ambiguity which a good riddle strives to
Old English riddles : from the Exeter book
The Old English Riddles survive through a manuscript of about the year 1000 left to Exeter Cathedral by Leofric, its first bishop. Unlike most of the poetry preserved in the "Exeter Book", the
The Prefatory Matter of London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius E. xviii
  • P. Pulsiano
  • History
    Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts and their Heritage
  • 2018
‘Tres linguae sacrae’ and threefold play in Insular Latin
The essay considers under nine headings forms of threefold play in Insular Latin texts from the fifth century to the twelfth that issue from supposition that the Triune God had revealed Himself in
Glorie prints "ut HKSKDKXT (Cryptographice 5 giricius)
    For an explanation of the encrypted text, see Andy Orchard
    • Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon
    • 1957
    Lerer omit the text following the cryptogram. Text may be missing between quo and plus due to a hole in the parchment on the margin
      Glorie and Ehwald both omit this cryptogram; Lerer notes this cryptogram as a scribal error