Voyaging by canoe and computer: experiments in the settlement of the Pacific Ocean

  title={Voyaging by canoe and computer: experiments in the settlement of the Pacific Ocean},
  author={Geoffrey Irwin and Simon H. Bickler and Phil Quirke},
  pages={34 - 50}
There is no expansion of human settlement to match the colonization of the Pacific islands, from Island Southeast Asia right across to Hawaii, Easter Island and down to New Zealand. The expansion is given an extra interest by the new finding that it began as early as the Pleistocene. The settlement of the remote Pacific began after 3500 BP and computer modelling and analysis of inter-island transits explains not just how settlement was possible-but how it must have followed from the controlled… 

Prehistoric trade between Ecuador and West Mexico: a computer simulation of coastal voyages

The author studies prehistoric sea travel along the coast between West Mexico and Ecuador using a computer simulation incorporating the performance characteristics of sailing rafts. The model

Pacific Seascapes, Canoe Performance, and a Review of Lapita Voyaging with Regard to Theories of Migration

The first part of this paper establishes in a general kind of way that the domain or seascape that Lapita sailors operated in was more demanding than that of Wallacea and Near Oceania, but markedly

A spatio‐temporal model for the invasion of the New Zealand archipelago by the Pacific rat Rattus exulans

A model relates the time of first appearance of rats in the fossil record and the exploitation of native fauna to the pattern of spread of the rat through the archipelago and it is hypothesised that the stepwiseSpread of the Rat through the Archipelago is mirrored by the patterns of reduction and extinction of indigenous fauna vulnerable to rat predation.

Comments on the Mainland Origins of the Preceramic Cultures of the Greater Antilles

  • R. Callaghan
  • Environmental Science
    Latin American Antiquity
  • 2003
Abstract Computer simulations are used to shed light on the probable origins of the earliest Preceramic cultures of the Greater Antilles and to understand the navigation skills necessary for island

The Settlement of Marginal Polynesia: New Evidence from Henderson Island

These data provide new evidence for ascertaining the role of inter-island voyaging in sustaining isolated populations, and how human colonists altered insular landscapes and caused faunal extinc...

Archaeology in the Pacific Islands: An appraisal of recent research

The Pacific Islands or Oceania, typically subdivided into Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia, have witnessed a virtual explosion of archaeological research, as indicated by this review of the past

Ancient transpacific voyaging to the new world via Pleistocene South Pacific Islands

How humans first arrived in America remains a mystery. Although the Beringian and coastal options have been discussed in detail, a transpacific route from the Old World to the New World via the

Islands Under the Sea: A Review of Early Modern Human Dispersal Routes and Migration Hypotheses Through Wallacea

ABSTRACT Wallacea is the transitional biogeographic zone between the continents of Sunda (Southeast Asia) and Sahul (Australian-New Guinea). It consists of a series of island chains unique in the



Voyaging Canoes and the Settlement of Polynesia

Sailing trials with two reconstructed Polynesian double canoes indicate that these craft can make good a course to windward up to approximately 75� off the wind on long ocean voyages. This windward

Pleistocene dates for the human occupation of New Ireland, northern Melanesia

Pleistocene dates from three cave sites indicate the human capacity to colonise across two oceanic straits to the east of a former Tasmania–Australia–New Guinea continent by 33 kyr bp and extend Pleistocene occupation into island Melanesia.

Small population isolates: a microsimulation study

In all the controversy that has raged about the settlement of Polynesia/0 there seems to be an enduring assumption that the numbers of people involved in the initial settlement of any island were

A 40,000 year-old human occupation site at Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea

Evidence is reported that the north coast of Papua New Guinea was occupied at least 40,000 years ago and a distinctive ‘waisted axe’ culture appears to have existed in New Guinea and probably in Australia in the Late Pleistocene.

Thirty Thousand Years of Human Colonization in Tasmania: New Pleistocene Dates

Basal dates of 30,420 years before present (BP) from a limestone cave in the Florentine River valley and 30,840 BP from a sandstone rockshelter in the Shannon River valley indicate colonization of Tasmania 8,000 years earlier than previously thought, supporting suggestions that the Tasmanian inland was an important focus for systematic occupation and exploitation by human groups.

Pleistocene human occupation of the Solomon Islands, Melanesia

Pleistocene dates from a rockshelter on Buka Island at the northern end of the Solomons Chain demonstrate human settlement by 28,000 b.p., some 25,000 years earlier than previously reported for this

An early bronze artefact from Papua New Guinea

This small tabular bronze artefact, recovered from an occupation layer sealed beneath volcanic ash on Lou Island, is the first bronze artefact found in a dated context in Papua New Guinea, well

Are there antecedents for Lapita in Island Southeast Asia? Paper delivered to the Circum-Pacific Prehistory Conference, Seattle, August 1989

  • 1989

East is a big bird