Vowels of the world''''s languages

@inproceedings{Maddieson1990VowelsOT,
  title={Vowels of the world''''s languages},
  author={Ian Maddieson},
  year={1990}
}
Many of the vowels of the world’s languages can be described simply by reference to the three traditional dimensions high–low, back–front, and rounded–unrounded, with the first two of these being considered as names for auditory dimensions. There may be up to five contrasting vowel heights. Some languages contrast otherwise similar front, central and back vowels. There are also two kinds of rounding: protrusion and labial compression. Minor vowel features include: nasalization, other tongue… Expand

Topics from this paper

The Universality of Intrinsic FO of Vowels *
The tendency for high vowels such as [i] and [u] to have higher fundamental frequencies (FOs) than low vowels such as [a] has been found in every language so far in which it has been sought. TheseExpand
A spectrographic analysis of English World-Wide
The /o/ vowel in the English of Bradford is produced by many speakers as a monophthong with a clearly fronted or central quality. Description of such a pronunciation is, however, all but absent fromExpand
Acoustic aspects of vowel harmony in French
TLDR
Examining acoustic aspects of vowel harmony (VH) in two regional varieties of French in six speakers’ productions of 107 disyllabic word pairs lends support to usage-based phonological approaches regarding gradient phonetic differences as part of the gestural scores that make up the lexicon and that can be variably grammaticalized in different varieties of the language. Expand
The universality of intrinsic F0 of vowels
Abstract The tendency for high vowels such as [i] and [u] to have higher fundamental frequencies (F0s) than low vowels such as [a] has been found in every language so far in which it has been sought.Expand
Mid-vowel alternations in the Brazilian Portuguese verb
The underlying system of consonants and vowels in Brazilian Portuguese (henceforth BP), together with the lexical and word-level phonological rules and the interactions between them, has been studiedExpand
Fricative vowels as an intermediate stage of vowel apicalization
Diphthongization and apicalization are two commonly detected phonetic and/or phonological processes for the development of high vowels, with the process of apicalization being of particularExpand
Major trends in vowel system inventories
The search for universal tendencies in the languages of the world is a necessary anchor point for any theoretical approach to phonetics. The present typology of vowel systems aims to provide materialExpand
The acoustic realization of vowels of Shanghai Chinese
TLDR
Examination of the acoustic realization of two complementary sets of vowels in Shanghai Chinese suggested that CSVs cannot be the reduced realization of OSVs, and the seemingly spectral reduction of CSVs is an inherent feature of the vowel's phonetic implementation, in contrast to the more static spectral patterns of the OSVs. Expand
An acoustic study of vowels and coarticulation as a function of utterance type: A case of acquired apraxia of speech
This case study examines vowel production and coarticulation patterns in AOS as a function of utterance type. A female speaker with AOS, and a sex-matched control participant repeated target vowelsExpand
Is There a Relationship between Acoustic Vowel Space Size and Fundamental Frequency?
Differences in vowel formants in bass and tenor singers, as well as the perception of vowels synthesised at different fundamental frequencies predict that in a group of male or female speakersExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
The feature expanded
Abstract: The vowels that occur in the different vowel harmony sets in Akan have been investigated by cineradiography. Four subjects repeated three or four times sentences containing the two sets ofExpand
The story of /r/
In describing sound changes, sound patterns and alternations in languages one clearly needs to refer to a natural class of r sounds, or rhotics. This phonological class encompasses sounds with a wideExpand
“Tense” and “lax” in four minority languages of China
The terms “tense” and “lax” have been applied to a number of different distinctions between vowel sets depending on the language(s) being discussed. Linguists working on south-east Asian languagesExpand
The phonetic description of voice quality
The importance of an individual's voice in everyday social interaction can scarcely be overestimated. It is an essential element in the listener's analysis of the speaker's physical, psychologicalExpand
The Sound Pattern of English
Since this classic work in phonology was published in 1968, there has been no other book that gives as broad a view of the subject, combining generally applicable theoretical contributions withExpand
Speech sounds and features
TLDR
Speech Sounds and Features is the fourth volume in the series Current Studies in Linguistics and follows the development over the past 15 years of research presented in the author's previous publications on speech analysis, feature theory, and applications to language descriptions. Expand
Cross‐linguistic differences in diphthongs
Similar diphthongs may vary cross‐linguistically in terms of the relative duration and slope of the transition between the onset and offset of the diphthong. At moderate rates of speech thisExpand
Modeling articulatory–acoustics relations: a comment on Stevens’ “On the quantal nature of speech”
This paper attempts to validate Stevens’ quantal theory of vowel articulation by studying the acoustic effects of a wider and considerably more realistic and natural range of articulations than theExpand
Patterns of sounds
TLDR
The size and structure of phonological inventories, and the design of the UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database' Indices. Expand
An EMG study of some characteristics of the Swedish rounded vowels
Abstract: The traditional view of the Swedish rounded vowels includes two types of rounding, “inrounding” and “outrounding”. EMG measurements were made to determine whether this rounding differenceExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...