Voting in the Medieval Papacy and Religious Orders

@inproceedings{McLean2007VotingIT,
  title={Voting in the Medieval Papacy and Religious Orders},
  author={Ian McLean and Haidee Lorrey and Josep M. Colomer},
  booktitle={MDAI},
  year={2007}
}
We take institutions seriously as both a rational response to dilemmas in which agents found themselves and a frame to which later rational agents adapted their behaviour in turn. Medieval corporate bodies knew that they needed choice procedures. Although the social choice advances of ancient Greece and Rome were not rediscovered until the high middle ages, the rational design of choice institutions predated their rediscovery and took some new paths. Both Ramon Llull (ca 1232-1316) and Nicolaus… Expand

Topics from this paper

Ramon Llull: from ‘Ars electionis’ to social choice theory
  • J. Colomer
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Soc. Choice Welf.
  • 2013
TLDR
The present article places Llull’s contributions and discussion in the historical context of elections in the medieval Church and the emergence of majority rule as a new general principle for making enforceable collective decisions in replacement of traditional unanimous requirements. Expand
The strange history of social choice, and the contribution of the Public Choice Society to its fifth revival
The place of social choice research in academe, and specifically the role of the Public Choice Society and its successive leaders in promoting it, is reviewed. The first leaders of the VirginiaExpand
Strategy and Manipulation in Medieval Elections
There are many goals in developing electoral protocols, including a desire for a system which is transparent, in that it is clear what the rule or procedure to follow is; nonmanipulable, in that itExpand
Llull and Copeland Voting Broadly Resist Bribery and Control
TLDR
This paper proves that an election system developed by the 13th century mystic Ramon Llull and the well-studied Copeland election system are both resistant to all the standard types of (constructive) electoral control other than one variant of addition of candidates. Expand
Ramon Llull: From the Ars Magna to Artificial Intelligence
The lay philosopher and theologian Ramon Llull (1232?1316), born in Mallorca, is undoubtedly a prominent figure within European thought. However, the exact position he occupies within the culturalExpand
Moderated Differential Pairwise Tallying : A Voter Specified Hybrid of Ranking by Pairwise Comparisons and Cardinal Utility Sums
In our increasingly interactive world, elections and other forms of collaborative group decision-making are becoming ever more important. Many voting systems have been proposed, from commonExpand
Essays in Law and Economics
This dissertation bundles together a number of essays that find themselves on the intersection of the fields of law and economics. It shows that economics can help determine the rationale ofExpand
Strategic Manipulation in Voting Systems
In this thesis, we are going to study the strategic manipulation of voting rules, mostly scoring rules. In the first part, we focus on naive manipulation, where we have a coalition of manipulatorsExpand
Multimode Control Attacks on Elections
TLDR
This paper model and study the case in which the attacker launches a multipronged (i.e., multimode) attack, and proves that for various election systems even such concerted, flexible attacks can be perfectly planned in deterministic polynomial time. Expand
A Generalized Jury Theorem
TLDR
It is shown that the Generalized Jury Theorem should be used to model the behavior of jurors, when jurors have a common goal and communicate before voting; the reason is that this framework allows for more efficient aggregation of information than the traditional framework. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
The art of political manipulation
In twelve entertaining stories from history and current events, a noted political scientist and game theorist shows us how some of our heroes we as well as ordinary folk have manipulated theirExpand
Llull's writings on electoral systems
TLDR
The tract Artifitium electionis personarum, edited here for the first time, proves to be an independent work shedding new light on the two later sources and in all three cases the electoral system is based exclusively on pairwise comparisons between two candidates at a time. Expand
Aggregation and Social Choice: A Mean Voter Theorem
A celebrated result of Black (1984a) demonstrates the existence of a simple majority winner when preferences are single-peaked. The social choice follows the preferences of the median voter's mostExpand
Approval voting and strategy analysis: A Venetian example
The author presents a historic reconstruction of the single-member constituency election system known as approval voting which was used to elect Venetian dogi for over 500 years. An interestingExpand
ON 64%-MAJORITY RULE
Many electoral rules require a super-majority vote to change the status quo. Without some restriction on preferences, super-majority rules have paradoxical properties. For example, electoral cyclesExpand
Geometry of voting
It is shown how simple geometry can be used to analyze and discover new properties about pairwise and positional voting rules as well as for those rules (e.g., runoffs and Approval Voting) that relyExpand
Selected Political Writings
Based on the complete edition of his works, this new volume presents Gandhi's most important political writings arranged around the two central themes of his political teachings: satyagraha (theExpand
Electing Popes: Approval Balloting and Qualified-Majority Rule
L'A. retrace l'histoire du mode de designation du Pape dans l'Eglise. L'un des enjeux dans cette institution a ete de preserver l'autonomie de l'Eglise catholique face au pouvoir temporel. LesExpand
The Copeland rule and Condorcet’s principle
Summary.The purpose of this note is to shed some light on the relationship between the Copeland rule and the Condorcet principle in those cases where there does not exist a Condorcet winner. It willExpand
Classics of social choice
...
1
2
3
4
...