Voter Identification Laws and the Suppression of Minority Votes

  title={Voter Identification Laws and the Suppression of Minority Votes},
  author={Zolt{\'a}n Hajnal and Nazita Lajevardi and Lindsay Nielson},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  pages={363 - 379}
The proliferation of increasingly strict voter identification laws around the country has raised concerns about voter suppression. Although there are many reasons to suspect that these laws could harm groups like racial minorities and the poor, existing studies have been limited, with most occurring before states enacted strict identification requirements, and they have uncovered few effects. By using validated voting data from the Cooperative Congressional Election Study for several recent… Expand
The Racial Implications of Voter Identification Laws in America
Over 40 states have considered voter identification laws in recent years, with several adopting laws requiring voters to show a valid ID before they cast a ballot. We argue that such laws have aExpand
The Suppressive Impacts of Voter Identification Requirements
Political observers argue that the United States is in a contemporary era of voter suppression. We study one mechanism that may limit voter participation, the requirement to show identificationExpand
Strict Voter Identification Laws, Turnout, and Election Outcomes
Since 2000, ten states have enacted strict voter identification laws, which require that voters show identification in order for their votes to count. While proponents argue these laws prevent voterExpand
Disagreement over ID Requirements and Minority Voter Turnout
I address the debate in this journal about the effects of strict voter ID laws on voter turnout rates of whites and minorities. Although some noteworthy disagreements remain, the exchange hasExpand
Voter Identification Laws and Turnout in the United States
This article analyzes voter identification laws in the United States and their effects on voter turnout. Theoretically, there are plausible reasons to hypothesize turnout lowering effects, thoughExpand
Do non-citizens affect U.S. Congressional elections?
ABSTRACT U.S. citizens against immigration argue that immigrants commit voter fraud and skew election outcomes towards progressive candidates. These arguments have increased in number and severityExpand
Race , Deliberation , and Voter Identification Laws
Over the past twelve years, there has been a proliferation of bills across states imposing additional requirements on voters to provide photo identification. These bills are likely toExpand
We All Agree: Strict Voter ID Laws Disproportionately Burden Minorities
Voter ID laws determine who can and who cannot vote. Given the recent propagation of these laws by Republican legislatures, efforts by the Trump administration and other state legislatures to expandExpand
Voter Identification Laws and Their Effects on Voter Turnout
Voter identification (voter ID) requirements have become a salient political issue recently as more states have moved to implement increasingly strict voter ID requirements. I conjecture that,Expand
Voting Restrictions and Representation in Congress∗
State and local governments have implemented a number of election administration policies that restrict access to the ballot. What are the effects of these electoral reforms on who votes and theExpand


A new barrier to participation: Heterogeneous application of voter identification policies
In democratic societies there is a tension between maximizing ballot access and minimizing voter fraud. Since the 2000 presidential election, this tension has been central to discussions aboutExpand
The Effect of Voter Identification Laws on Turnout
Since the passage of the “Help America Vote Act” in 2002, nearly half of the states have adopted a variety of new identification requirements for voter registration and participation by the 2006Expand
The Effect of Voter Identification Laws on Aggregate and Individual Level Turnout
President Bush signed the 2002 Help America Vote Act (HAVA) into law with the intention of bolstering confidence in the electoral system, ensuring that votes would be counted accurately, andExpand
Modeling Problems in the Voter Identification—Voter Turnout Debate
85 IN APRIL 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Indiana’s controversial voter identification (ID) law. Adopted in 2005, the law requires voters to show a current, government-issued photoExpand
Evidence of Voter Fraud and the Impact that Regulations to Reduce Fraud Have on Voter Participation Rates
The results provide some evidence of vote fraud in U.S. general elections. Regulations that prevent fraud are shown to actually increase the voter participation rate. It is hard to see any evidenceExpand
ID at the Polls : Assessing the Impact of Recent State Voter ID Laws on Voter Turnout
Last spring, in Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, the Supreme Court upheld Indiana’s law requiring voters to show picture identification in order to vote, but the Court divided four ways overExpand
What Do I Need to Vote? Bureaucratic Discretion and Discrimination by Local Election Officials
Do street-level bureaucrats discriminate in the services they provide to constituents? We use a field experiment to measure differential information provision about voting by local electionExpand
The Disproportionate Impact of Voter-ID Requirements on the Electorate—New Evidence from Indiana
  • M. Barreto
  • PS: Political Science & Politics
  • 2009
On January 8, 2008, the United States Supreme Court heard arguments in Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, a case related to the discriminatory effects of voter-identification laws in the stateExpand
Much Ado About Nothing? An Empirical Assessment of the Georgia Voter Identification Statute
Voter identification (ID) policies, especially those of the photo ID variety, have been hotly contested over the last few years. The primary concern surrounding these statutes amounts to lowerExpand
Effects of Identification Requirements on Voting: Evidence from the Experiences of Voters on Election Day
At the heart of the efforts to improve elections in the United States are two important values: access and integrity. To guarantee the right to vote, the polls must be accessible to all who wish toExpand