BACKGROUND Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) pathogenesis after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is thought to be caused by release of unusually large von Willebrand factor multimers (UL-vWFMs) resulting from sinusoidal endothelial cell damage and induction of platelet adhesion and aggregation. A decrease in a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs-13 (ADAMTS-13) that cleave UL-vWFMs might cause excessive UL-vWFMs activity and result in platelet thrombus formation. However, this phenomenon has not undergone a full pathologic assessment. PROCEDURES A 60-year-old man was diagnosed with hepatitis C-related end-stage cirrhosis. His son was the donor, and he underwent LDLT. On postoperative day 44, his laboratory findings met most TMA diagnostic criteria, and he was diagnosed with TMA-like disorder (TMALD). Localization of CD42b as a platelet marker, vWF, and ADAMTS-13 in allograft tissue of this patient were evaluated using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS CD42b expression was observed as platelet aggregates attached to hepatocytes or within the hepatocyte cytoplasm, a morphology called extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA). vWF expression was observed mainly as deposited compact clusters, and ADAMTS-13 expression resembled distinct dots throughout the liver tissue. CONCLUSION These findings suggest that EPA indicated sinusoidal endothelial cell damage followed by detachment, and vWF deposition resulted from UL-vWFM oversynthesis. ADAMTS-13 might be consumed in the allograft tissue to cleave UL-vWFMs, but ADAMTS-13 levels might be insufficient to cleave all the deposited UL-vWFMs. We present the case of an LDLT recipient diagnosed with TMALD using blood tests, which showed the presence of TMA pathogenesis in the allograft.