Volunteering to Be Taxed : Business Improvement Districts and the Extra-Governmental Provision of Public Safety

  title={Volunteering to Be Taxed : Business Improvement Districts and the Extra-Governmental Provision of Public Safety},
  author={Leah R. Brooks},
When the median voter's preference sets the level of local public goods, some voters are left unsatisfied. Is there an institution by which subsets of voters can resolve the collective action problem and increase the local provision of public goods? If so, what are the consequences? In response to problems such as crime and vandalism, neighborhood property owners have established Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) to provide local public goods. When a BID is approved by a majority of… CONTINUE READING
13 Citations
34 References
Similar Papers


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 34 references

Who Volunteers to be Taxed? Business Improvement Districts and the Distribution of Extra-Governmental Provision of Public Goods.

  • Brooks, Leah
  • 2005

BID Consultant; Consultant, defunct Eagle Rock BID. Email, Aug. 2004.; Frank O'Brien, Harbor-Watts Economic Development Commission; contact for defunct Watts BID

  • Edward Henning
  • Phone, Aug
  • 2004

Business Improvement Districts: Crime Deterrence or Displacement?

  • Calanog, M VictorFranco
  • 2004

How Much Should We Trust Difference-in-Difference Estimates?

  • Bertrand, Marianne, Duflo, Esther, Mullainathan, Sendhil
  • Quarterly Journal of Economics
  • 2004
1 Excerpt

Nonparametric Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Under Exogeneity: A Review.

  • Imbens, W Guide
  • The Review of Economics and Statistics
  • 2004

2003.; Michael Jenkins, Lawyer; former city of San Diego economic development official; current BID consultant

  • CEO Darryl Holter, Nov
  • Dora Herrera, Los Feliz BID. Phone and email,
  • 2003

Business Improvement Districts. Urban Land Institute in cooperation with the International Downtown Association, second edn

  • Houston, Jr., O Lawrence
  • 2003

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…