Volunteering leads to rock–paper–scissors dynamics in a public goods game

  title={Volunteering leads to rock–paper–scissors dynamics in a public goods game},
  author={Dirk Semmann and Hans-J{\"u}rgen Krambeck and Manfred Milinski},
Collective efforts are a trademark of both insect and human societies. They are achieved through relatedness in the former and unknown mechanisms in the latter. The problem of achieving cooperation among non-kin has been described as the ‘tragedy of the commons’, prophesying the inescapable collapse of many human enterprises. In public goods experiments, initial cooperation usually drops quickly to almost zero. It can be maintained by the opportunity to punish defectors or the need to maintain… CONTINUE READING
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