Voluntary (normal) versus obligatory (cerebral palsy) toe-walking in children: a kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic analysis.

Surgical management of toe-walking gait in children with cerebral palsy currently favors simultaneous, multilevel soft-tissue and bony interventions. Formulation of such a surgical plan is based on our ability to determine which of the gait deviations present are primary and which are secondary or compensatory. To evaluate this issue further, 32 normal… CONTINUE READING