Volcanic eruptions and climate

@article{Robock2000VolcanicEA,
  title={Volcanic eruptions and climate},
  author={Alan Robock},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
  year={2000},
  volume={38},
  pages={191 - 219}
}
  • A. Robock
  • Published 1 May 2000
  • Environmental Science
  • Reviews of Geophysics
Volcanic eruptions are an important natural cause of climate change on many timescales. A new capability to predict the climatic response to a large tropical eruption for the succeeding 2 years will prove valuable to society. In addition, to detect and attribute anthropogenic influences on climate, including effects of greenhouse gases, aerosols, and ozone‐depleting chemicals, it is crucial to quantify the natural fluctuations so as to separate them from anthropogenic fluctuations in the… 

Climatic Impact of Volcanic Emissions

Studying the impacts of volcanic eruptions on climate is important because it helps us improve climate models, it allows us to make seasonal and interannual climate forecasts following large

Modeling the climatic effects of large explosive volcanic eruptions

Large volcanic eruptions are an important driving factor of natural climate variability. A sound assessment of the role of volcanoes in the climate system in comparison to other forcing factors is

Climatic response to high‐latitude volcanic eruptions

[1] Strong volcanic eruptions can inject large amounts of SO2 into the lower stratosphere, which over time, are converted into sulfate aerosols and have the potential to impact climate. Aerosols from

The impact of volcanic eruptions on ocean pH

Volcanic eruptions can have a major influence on the Earth system. Aerosols, gas molecules, and fine ash particles from large explosive eruptions can remain in the stratosphere for months to years,

Volcanoes and climate

Of the natural forcings causing short‐term climatic variations, volcanism, along with its climatic impact, is perhaps the best understood. The primary net result of the impact is the reduced receipt

HOW A VOLCANIC ERUPTION IMPACTS CLIMATE

Volcanic eruptions have the potential to force global climate, provided they are explosive enough to emit at least 1–5 megaton of sulfur gases into the stratosphere. The sulfuric acid produced during

Sensitivity of atmospheric CO 2 and climate to explosive volcanic eruptions

Abstract. Impacts of low-latitude, explosive volcanic eruptions on climate and the carbon cycle are quantified by forcing a comprehensive, fully coupled carbon cycle-climate model with pulse-like

Radiative and climate impacts of a large volcanic eruption during stratospheric sulfur geoengineering

Abstract. Both explosive volcanic eruptions, which emit sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere, and stratospheric geoengineering via sulfur injections can potentially cool the climate by increasing the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 177 REFERENCES

The Volcanic Contribution to Climate Change of the Past 100 Years

Volcanoes and climate

  • O. Toon
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • 1982
The evidence that volcanic eruptions affect climate is reviewed. Single explosive volcanic eruptions cool the surface by about 0.3 C and warm the stratosphere by several degrees. Although these

Radiative forcing from the 1991 Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption

Volcanic sulfate aerosols in the stratosphere produce significant long-term solar and infrared radiative perturbations in the Earth's atmosphere and at the surface, which cause a response of the

GCM simulations of volcanic aerosol forcing. I - Climate changes induced by steady-state perturbations

Abstract The authors have used the Goddard Institute for Space Studies Climate Model II to simulate the response of the climate system to a spatially and temporally constant forcing by volcanic

Volcanic explosions and climatic change: A theoretical assessment

Volcanic explosions introduce silicate dust particles and sulfur gases into the stratosphere. The sulfur gases are slowly converted to sulfuric acid particles. We have performed radiative transfer

Climate change and the middle atmosphere. II - The impact of volcanic aerosols

Abstract The effects of volcanic aerosols on the middle atmosphere are investigated with the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) Global Climate/Middle Atmosphere model. Volcanic aerosols with

Self-limiting physical and chemical effects in volcanic eruption clouds

We have constructed one-dimensional aerosol microphysical and photochemical models to examine the chemistry of stratospheric volcanic clouds. Estimates of the stratospheric inputs of several key

Pinatubo eruption winter climate effects: model versus observations

Large volcanic eruptions, in addition to the well-known effect of producing global cooling for a year or two, have been observed to produce shorterterm responses in the climate system involving

Global warming in the context of the Little Ice Age

Understanding the role of volcanic and solar variations in climate change is important not only for understanding the Little Ice Age but also for understanding and predicting the effects of

Volcanoes and Climate

Volcanic eruptions which inject large amounts of sulfur-rich gas into the stratosphere produce dust veils which last several years and cool the earth’s surface. At the same time, these dust veils
...