Volcanic ash and tsunami record of the Minoan Late Bronze Age Eruption (Santorini) in a distal setting, southwestern Turkey

  title={Volcanic ash and tsunami record of the Minoan Late Bronze Age Eruption (Santorini) in a distal setting, southwestern Turkey},
  author={Erkan Aydar and Attila Çiner and Orkun Ersoy and {\'E}milie {\'E}cochard and {\'E}ric Fouache},
  journal={Journal of Quaternary Science},
We present the volcanic ash and tsunami record of the Minoan Late Bronze Age Eruption of Santorini (LBAES) in a distal setting in southwestern Turkey. In one of the drilled cores at the Letoon Hellenic antique site on Eşençay Delta, we encountered a 4 cm thick tephra deposit underlain by 46 cm thick tsunami‐deposited sand (tsunamite), and an organic‐rich layer that we 14C dated to 3295 ± 30 bp or 1633 bc. The relationship between Santorini distal volcanic ash and underlying tsunamite is… 

Volcanic ash, victims, and tsunami debris from the Late Bronze Age Thera eruption discovered at C¸es¸me-Ba (cid:1) glararas ı (Turkey)

The Late Bronze Age Thera eruption was one of the largest natural disasters witnessed in human history. Its impact, consequences, and timing have dominated the discourse of ancient Mediterra- nean

Volcanic ash, victims, and tsunami debris from the Late Bronze Age Thera eruption discovered at Çeşme-Bağlararası (Turkey)

Physical evidence that very large, damaging tsunamis arrived even in the northern Aegean, an area previously assumed to be affected only by ash fallout is presented.

Characteristics of Sub-Aerially Emplaced Pyroclasts in the Surtsey Eruption Deposits: Implications for Diverse Surtseyan Eruptive Styles

The 1963–1967 shallow-to-emergent eruption in Iceland’s Vestmannaeyjar earned a place in the history of volcanology by creating the island of Surtsey while under close observation of volcanologist

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Earthquakes, tsunamis, dried harbours and seismic coastal uplift: evidence from the Eastern Mediterranean

  • S. Stiros
  • Geology
    Mediterranean Geoscience Reviews
  • 2022
Certain reports of historical earthquakes contain references to “dried up” harbours and to coastal uplifts, which are regarded as evidence of tsunamis and exaggerations, respectively. A few such



The Minoan Santorini Eruption and Tsunami Deposits in Palaikastro (Crete): Dating by Geology, Archaeology, 14C, and Egyptian Chronology

Deposits from the Minoan Santorini (Thera) eruption in the eastern Mediterranean region constitute the most important regional stratigraphic marker in the chronological perplexity of the 2nd

New insights into the initiation and venting of the Bronze-Age eruption of Santorini (Greece), from component analysis

The late-seventeenth century BC Minoan eruption of Santorini discharged 30–60 km3 of magma, and caldera collapse deepened and widened the existing 22 ka caldera. A study of juvenile, cognate, and

The Late Bronze Age Eruption of Santorini Volcano and Its Impact on the Ancient Mediterranean World

The Late Bronze Age eruption of Santorini occurred 110 km north of Minoan Crete (Greece). Having discharged between 48 and 86 km3 of magma and rock debris, the eruption ranks as one of the largest of

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The Hellenic arc is a terrane of extensive Quaternary volcanism. One of the main centers of explosive eruptions is located on Thera (Santorini), and the eruption of the Thera volcano in late Minoan

Volcanic shards from Santorini (Upper Minoan ash) in the Nile Delta, Egypt

One of the largest volcanic outbursts recorded in early human history is the cataclysmic eruption of Santorini (Thera) which occurred about 35 centuries ago in the southern Aegean Sea. This explosive

Post-eruptive flooding of Santorini caldera and implications for tsunami generation

This work presents bathymetric and seismic evidence showing that the caldera of Santorini was not open to the sea during the main phase of the eruption, but was flooded once the eruption had finished, ensuring that it cannot have generated tsunamis.

The detailed tephrostratigraphy of a core from the south‐east Black Sea spanning the last ∼60 ka

One visible volcanic ash layer and 21 non‐visible, cryptotephra horizons have been identified in the M72/5‐25‐GC1 core from the south‐east Black Sea that spans the last ∼60 ka. Glass chemistry

Revised estimates for the volume of the Late Bronze Age Minoan eruption, Santorini, Greece

The Late Bronze Age ‘Minoan’ eruption of Santorini, Greece occurred from within an existing caldera. Low-temperature pyroclastic flow emplacement on shallow slopes outside the caldera can only be