Voice change surgery in the transsexual.

  title={Voice change surgery in the transsexual.},
  author={Paul James Donald},
  journal={Head & neck surgery},
  volume={4 5},
Sexual reassignment surgery for individuals with gender identity confusion has been highly successful, especially in the male-to-female transformation. A troublesome problem for some of these individuals is the retention of their male voice. Although castration and estrogen therapy may produce minor elevations of pitch and the assumption of a falsetto voice produces a more typical but contrived female tone, the basic male anatomic structure of the larynx must be altered to effect a… CONTINUE READING