Vivien Theodore Thomas (1910–1985): An African-American laboratory technician who went on to become an innovator in cardiac surgery

@article{Soylu2017VivienTT,
  title={Vivien Theodore Thomas (1910–1985): An African-American laboratory technician who went on to become an innovator in cardiac surgery},
  author={Erdinc Soylu and Thanos Athanasiou and Omar A Jarral},
  journal={Journal of Medical Biography},
  year={2017},
  volume={25},
  pages={106 - 113}
}
Vivien Theodore Thomas (1910–1985) was an African-American laboratory technician and instructor of surgery at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. He was born as the grandson of a slave in Lousiana, working as a carpenter and subsequently as a laboratory technician after the great depression and the loss of his savings derailed his plans to become a doctor. In his role as a laboratory technician, he overcame challenging personal circumstances to become an innovator in paediatric cardiac surgery… 

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