Metamemory knowledge and the accuracy of flashbulb memories
Psychology students at the Jagiellonian University recalled the circumstances of hearing about the 11 September terrorist attack on the United States three times, i.e., within 21 days of the attack, in January 2002, and finally in June 2002, when half of the students participated in an intensive 30‐hour course on autobiographical memory.
Flashbulb memory for 11 September 2001
SUMMARY The recollection of particularly salient, surprising or consequential events is often called ‘flashbulb memories’. We tested people’s autobiographical memory for details of 11 September 2001…
Personal memories for remote historical events: accuracy and clarity of flashbulb memories related to World War II.
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. General
One hundred forty-five Danes between 72 and 89 years of age were asked for their memories of their reception of the news of the Danish occupation (April 1940) and liberation (May 1945) and for their…
Selective effects of emotion on the phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories
Results suggest that recall of perceptual, sensory, and semantic elements is better for emotional memories than for neutral ones, and correlations suggest a positive relation between emotional state at retrieval and level of phenomenal detail of retrieved memories.
Involuntary Retrieval from Autobiographical Memory and The Nature of Cues
cues, which are in general less effective, only trigger memories that are accessible because of the importance of the event they refer to. Put another way, the importance of the event could have the…
Effects of Age on Involuntary Autobiographical Memories
versus sensory/perceptual versus state triggers Participants recorded what the trigger was in their own words. On the basis of participants’ descriptions the triggers were coded according to Mace’s…
Visual imagery in autobiographical memory: The role of repeated retrieval in shifting perspective
- PsychologyConsciousness and Cognition
Remembering and Telling: Narrative Coherence and Phenomenal Aspects of Autobiographical Memories
Investigated the relationship between phenomenal qualities of autobiographical memories and narrative structure of written reports of them. In Experiment 1, 30 undergraduates provided 2 reports, the…
The Episodicity of Verbal Reports of Personally Significant Autobiographical Memories: Vividness Correlates with Narrative Text Quality More than with Detailedness or Memory Specificity
- PsychologyFront. Behav. Neurosci.
It is concluded that temporal sequentiality is a central characteristic of episodic autobiographical memories and suggested that the textual quality of memory reports should be taken more seriously, and that evaluation and interpretation are inherent aspects of personally significant memories.
Misleading postevent information and flashbulb memories
This study created the conditions of a real discussion concerning the past in an experimental setting and examined their effect on subsequent recollections of important autobiographical events and the implications for understanding distortion mechanisms in flashbulb memories are discussed.
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Where were you when President Kennedy was assassinated
A total of 182 Americans and 215 Canadians were asked to remember what they were doing 12 years earlier when they learned that President John F. Kennedy had been assassinated. Subjects rated the…
Personal Memories at Different Ages
Men and women aged between 25 and 75 were asked to associate personal experiences to a set of 50 randomly chosen common words. The dates of these experiences were reconstructed and plotted as…
Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology
Part I. Experimental Studies: 2. Experiment in psychology 3. Experiments on perceiving III Experiments on imaging 4-8. Experiments on remembering: (a) The method of description (b) The method of…
Associative asymmetry, availability, and retrieval
- PsychologyMemory & cognition
High associative frequency words were judged to be more familiar and were easier to recall but harder to recognize than low associative Frequency words, even with meaningfulness, imagery, length in letters, and frequency excluded as factors.
Frequency of episodic memories as a fun&Jo af their age
- Flashbulb memories. Cog.,
Relating age at encoding in early childhood to ad-it recall
Lc rA: 3es rep&es dans la rCcupCration et la datation des souvenirs. L’&rrie &vc.hc~l., 80
- 14Y-167. ‘nr In. M