Vitamin D binding protein gene polymorphisms and baseline vitamin D levels as predictors of antiviral response in chronic hepatitis C.


UNLABELLED Vitamin D deficiency seems to predict the unsuccessful achievement of sustained viral response (SVR) after antiviral treatment in hepatitis C virus (HCV) difficult-to-treat genotypes. Vitamin D binding protein (GC) gene polymorphisms are known to influence vitamin D levels. This study was performed to assess whether the interaction between basal circulating vitamin D and the GC polymorphism plays a role in influencing the rate of antiviral responses in patients affected by chronic hepatitis C. In all, 206 HCV patients treated with a combination therapy of pegylated (PEG)-interferon plus ribavirin were retrospectively evaluated. GC rs7041 G>T, GC rs4588 C>A, and IL-28B rs12979860 C>T polymorphisms were genotyped. Frequencies of GC rs7041 G>T and rs4588 C>A polymorphisms were: G/G = 64 (31.1%), G/T = 100 (48.5%), T/T = 42 (20.4%) and C/C = 108 (52.4%), C/A = 84 (40.8%), A/A = 14 (6.8%). Patients were divided into those carrying ≥3 major alleles (wildtype [WT]+: G-C/G-C, G-C/T-C, G-C/G-A, N = 100) and the remaining (WT-: G-C/T-A, T-A/T-C, T-A/T-A, T-C/T-C, N = 106). Four groups were identified: vitamin D ≤20 ng/mL and WT-, vitamin D ≤20 and WT+, vitamin D >20 and WT-, vitamin D >20 and WT+. In difficult-to-treat HCV genotypes the proportion of patients achieving SVR significantly increased with a linear trend from the first to the last group: 6/25 (24.0%), 9/24 (37.5%), 12/29 (41.4%), 19/29 (65.5%) (P = 0.003). At multivariate analysis, having basal vitamin D >20 ng/mL plus the carriage of GC WT+ was found to be an independent predictor of SVR (odds ratio 4.52, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION In difficult-to-treat HCV genotypes, simultaneous pretreatment normal serum vitamin D levels and the carriage of GC-globulin WT isoform strongly predicts the achievement of SVR after PEG-interferon plus ribavirin antiviral therapy.

DOI: 10.1002/hep.25848

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@article{Falleti2012VitaminDB, title={Vitamin D binding protein gene polymorphisms and baseline vitamin D levels as predictors of antiviral response in chronic hepatitis C.}, author={Edmondo Falleti and Davide Bitetto and Carlo Fabris and Giovanna Fattovich and Annarosa Cussigh and Sara Cmet and Elisa Ceriani and Ezio Fornasiere and Michela Pasino and Donatella Ieluzzi and Mario Pirisi and Pierluigi Toniutto}, journal={Hepatology}, year={2012}, volume={56 5}, pages={1641-50} }