• Corpus ID: 79829641

Vitamin D Utilization May Improve Military Performance: A Mini-Review

  title={Vitamin D Utilization May Improve Military Performance: A Mini-Review},
  author={Ramin Abrishami and Farhad Najmeddin},
Studies from different regions of the world show that vitamin D deficiency is a common problem across the globe, even in military personnel. Risk factors of this deficiency includes elderly and female population, higher geographical latitudes, winter season, darker skins, low sunlight exposure, diet, and lack of vitamin D supplementation /fortification, although the deficiency in areas with higher sun exposure also has been documented.  We reviewed some of the clinical trials and observations… 


Vitamin D deficiency: a worldwide problem with health consequences.
Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets in children and will precipitate and exacerbate osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fractures in adults, and foods that are fortified with vitamin D are often inadequate to satisfy either a child's or an adult's vitamin D requirement.
Association of Vitamin D With Stress Fractures: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
An association was seen in patients with a stress fracture and vitamin D level measured, as 44 (83.02%) of the 53 patients had a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level <40 ng/mL.
Vitamin D status in female military personnel during combat training
The data indicate that vitamin D status in female Soldiers may decline during military training in the late summer and early autumn months in the Southeastern US, as well as the functional impact of decliningitamin D status on bone health.
Randomized Trial of Vitamin D Supplementation and Risk of Acute Respiratory Infection in Mongolia
Vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced the risk of ARIs in winter among Mongolian children with vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D in the prevention of acute respiratory infection: Systematic review of clinical studies
A systematic review of clinical studies investigating the association between vitamin D deficiency and susceptibility to acute respiratory infection in humans found results from randomised controlled trials were conflicting, reflecting heterogeneity in dosing regimens and baseline vitamin D status in study populations.
Vitamin D Status and Monitoring in Female Veterans
Vitamin D deficiency in female veterans was also associated with increased health-care costs, and Appropriate monitoring and replacement of vitamin D should be offered to all female veterans.
An association of serum vitamin D concentrations < 40 nmol/L with acute respiratory tract infection in young Finnish men.
Clinical trials of vitamin D supplementation are needed to investigate whether it enhances immunity to microbial infection in young Finnish men.
Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren.
It is suggested that vitamin D(3) supplementation during the winter may reduce the incidence of influenza A, especially in specific subgroups of schoolchildren.
Vitamin D status, dietary intake, and bone turnover in female Soldiers during military training: a longitudinal study
It is demonstrated that female Soldiers experience dynamic changes in vitamin D status coupled with increased bone turnover and potentially inadequate vitamin D and calcium intake during military training.
Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels and Stress Fractures in Military Personnel
The study results suggest some association between low serum 25(OH)D levels and lower extremity stress fractures in military personnel and implementing strategies to ensure sufficient 25( OH)D Levels may be beneficial for reducing the risk of stress fractures.