Vitamin A and Carotenoids and the Risk of Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

@article{Takeda2013VitaminAA,
  title={Vitamin A and Carotenoids and the Risk of Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis},
  author={A. Takeda and O. P. Nyssen and A. Syed and E. Jansen and B. Bueno-de-Mesquita and V. Gallo},
  journal={Neuroepidemiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={42},
  pages={25 - 38}
}
Background: Vitamin A and carotenoids are involved in signalling pathways regulating gene expression in many organs, including the brain. The dopaminergic system is a target of retinoic acid action in the central nervous system. The aim of this review is to assess the epidemiological evidence on the association between blood levels or dietary intakes of vitamin A and carotenoids and risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: PubMed and ISI Web of Science were searched for relevant papers from… Expand
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Nutritional habits, risk, and progression of Parkinson disease
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Environmental risk factors and Parkinson's disease: An umbrella review of meta-analyses.
TLDR
Many environmental factors have substantial evidence of association with Parkinson's disease, but several, perhaps most, of them may reflect reverse causation, residual confounding, information bias, sponsor conflicts or other caveats. Expand
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