Visually-guided maze learning in man: effects of bilateral hippocampal, bilateral frontal, and unilateral cerebral lesions

@article{Milner1965VisuallyguidedML,
  title={Visually-guided maze learning in man: effects of bilateral hippocampal, bilateral frontal, and unilateral cerebral lesions},
  author={B. Milner},
  journal={Neuropsychologia},
  year={1965},
  volume={3},
  pages={317-338}
}
  • B. Milner
  • Published 1 November 1965
  • Psychology, Biology, Medicine
  • Neuropsychologia
Spatial orientation in man: effects of left, right, and bilateral posterior cerebral lesions1
TLDR
Men with chronic, penetrating missile wounds of the brain were examined with two `spatial' tasks and it is suggested that the right hemisphere has a special role in the perception of space but does not bear exclusive responsibility for the maintenance of spatial orientation.
Topographical amnesia.
The ability to learn to criterion a visually-guided stylus maze was found impaired in patients with right posterior cerebral damage, not only in comparison with controls but also with other
A comparison of the contributions of the frontal and parietal association cortex to spatial localization in rats.
TLDR
The results suggest that the frontal andParietal cortex of rats play different roles in the control of spatial orientation but do not support the view that egocentric and allocentric spatial orientation are related to frontal and parietal mechanisms, respectively.
Some cognitive effects of frontal-lobe lesions in man.
  • B. Milner
  • Psychology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1982
TLDR
After frontal lobectomy in either hemisphere, deficits are found quite consistently on motor-differentiation tasks (Konorski 1972) in which the subject must learn to produce different responses to different, randomly presented, environmental signals.
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Effects of hippocampal lesions on maze learning and retention in rats.
Hippocampectomy and Behavior Sequences
TLDR
The results strengthen the interpretation that bilateral hippocampal lesions interfere with the acquisition of those behaviors which involve the execution of sequential responses and simple sensory deficits and "short-term" memory impairments appear unlikely.
LOSS OF RECENT MEMORY AFTER BILATERAL HIPPOCAMPAL LESIONS
TLDR
It is concluded that the anterior hippocampus and hippocampal gyrus, either separately or together, are critically concerned in the retention of current experience.
Memory deficit produced by bilateral lesions in the hippocampal zone.
TLDR
The following study shows that the capacity to record the daily current of conscious experience may be lost when there is bilateral destruction of a man's hippocampus and hippocampal gyrus.
A perceptual maze test sensitive to brain damage
TLDR
The present paper reports the findings with this test and records briefly the relationships of these findings to the results obtained with the other tests.
A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON A PERCEPTUAL MAZE TEST SENSITIVE TO BRAIN DAMAGE
  • A. Elithorn
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
  • 1955
TLDR
The preliminary results obtained with the perceptual maze test reported below suggest that it is sensitive both to cerebral damage in the frontal regions and to damage to the anterior temporal lobe.
Effects of Different Brain Lesions on Card Sorting: The Role of the Frontal Lobes
Sorting tasks, requiring the subject to respond selectively, first to one aspect of a situation and then to another, have traditionally been regarded as sensitive indicators of brain injury, but
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