Visual working memory as the substrate for mental rotation

@article{Hyun2007VisualWM,
  title={Visual working memory as the substrate for mental rotation},
  author={Joo-Seok Hyun and Steven J. Luck},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  year={2007},
  volume={14},
  pages={154-158}
}
In mental rotation, a mental representation of an object must be rotated while the actual object remains visible. Where is this representation stored while it is being rotated? To answer this question, observers were asked to perform a mental rotation task during the delay interval of a visual working memory task. When the working memory task required the storage of object features, substantial bidirectional interference was observed between the memory and rotation tasks, and the interference… 
What happens to an individual visual working memory representation when it is interrupted?
TLDR
It is suggested that the interposed task eliminates information stored within the focus of attention, leaving behind a WM representation outside the focusof attention that is relatively imprecise and categorical.
Working Memory Capacity and Mental Rotation: Evidence for a Domain-General View
TLDR
The role of verbal working memory capacity in a non-verbal task – mental image rotation is studied and the evidence presented here supports the domain general hypothesis.
Object-based attention in retaining binding in working memory: Influence of activation states of working memory
TLDR
It is consistently found that consuming object-based attention led to a larger impairment to bindings relative to constituent features, which is independent of the WM activation states, suggesting that object- based attention is critical in retaining bindings in WM across activation states of WM.
View-Independent Working Memory Representations of Artificial Shapes in Prefrontal and Posterior Regions of the Human Brain
TLDR
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging and multivariate pattern analyses, it is shown that when subjects memorize complex shapes, both posterior and frontal brain regions maintain the memorized contents using a rotation-invariant code.
The impact of mental workload on inhibitory control subprocesses
Different Abilities Controlled by Visuospatial Processing
  • J. Castro-Alonso, K. Atit
  • Psychology, Biology
    Visuospatial Processing for Education in Health and Natural Sciences
  • 2019
TLDR
This chapter describes several small-scale visuospatial abilities derived from two traditional lines of research: spatial ability and working memory and addresses the abilities of mental rotation, mental folding, field independence, spatial working memory, visualWorking memory, and dual visUospatial working memory.
Abnormalities of Motor Imagery Ability Associated with Spatial Working Memory Dysfunction in Chronic Schizophrenic Patients
TLDR
Investigating motor imagery ability and SWM function and their relationship in schizophrenic patients provided further evidence that impaired passive maintenance of internal representation might be the underlying mechanism of motor imagery dysfunction in patients with schizophrenia.
EYE MOVEMENTS DURING MENTAL ROTATION OF NONMIRRORED AND MIRRORED THREE
Summary .—Eye movements were recorded while participants (N = 56) rotated mirrored and nonmirrored abstract, three-dimensional object pairs into different orientations to assess whether there were
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Visual search is slowed when visuospatial working memory is occupied
TLDR
Findings suggest that common mechanisms are used to process information during difficult visual search tasks and to maintain spatial information in working memory.
Visual Search Remains Efficient when Visual Working Memory is Full
TLDR
It is suggested that visual search requires minimal visual working memory resources, a conclusion that is inconsistent with theories that propose a close link between attention and working memory.
The role of spatial working memory in inhibition of return: Evidence from divided attention tasks
TLDR
The results suggest that IOR is partially mediated by a spatial working memory system.
Selective representation of relevant information by neurons in the primate prefrontal cortex
TLDR
Results suggest that the prefrontal cortex is involved in selecting and maintaining behaviourally relevant information.
Cortical Activations during the Mental Rotation of Different Visual Objects
TLDR
The results suggest that different kinds of stimuli used for mental rotation tasks did not inevitably evoke activations outside the parietal core regions, and did not find any activation in brain areas known to be involved in lexical or verbal processing nor activations in cortical regions involved in object identification or classification.
WhatThenWhere in Visual Working Memory: An Event-Related fMRI Study
TLDR
This experiment failed to find evidence, at the single-subject level and at the group level, for anatomical segregation of spatial and object working memory function in the frontal cortex, and revealed a sensitivity to position in the trial in the spatial, but not the object, condition.
Modules of Working Memory
Working memory is best conceived as a set of modules responsible for the storage of information for a brief period of time and for the manipulation of this information in the service of ongoing
Graded Functional Activation in the Visuospatial System with the Amount of Task Demand
TLDR
The data suggest that the amount of activation in the various cortical regions that support visuospatial processing is related to the amount, as well as to the type, of computational demand.
...
...