Visual perspective taking in young and older adults.

  title={Visual perspective taking in young and older adults.},
  author={Andrew K. Martin and Garon Jesse Perceval and I. R. L. Davies and Peter Su and Jasmine Huang and Marcus Meinzer},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
Advanced age is associated with difficulties in social understanding. However, little is known about the underlying cognitive processes. In the present study, healthy young and older adults completed measures of implicit and explicit visual perspective taking (VPT) and measures of executive and social cognition across four experiments. Congruency effects (slower response times or reduced accuracy when scenes were incongruent with the alternate perspective) were identified for the egocentric… 
Stimulation of the Social Brain Improves Perspective Selection in Older Adults: A HD-tDCS Study
The results provide causal evidence for age-related changes in social brain function that requires further scrutinization and dissociable effects on self-other processing, previously observed in young adults, were not identified in older adults.
Dissociable roles for the rTPJ and dmPFC in self-other processing: a HD-tDCS study
The results provide the first causal evidence for dissociable roles of the dmPFC and rTPJ in social cognition, and supports theories suggesting that r TPJ facilitates embodied mental rotation, whereas the d mPFC integrates information relevant to the other into that of the self.
The presence of other-race people disrupts spontaneous level-2 visual perspective taking.
The present study first examined what target-based factors affect spontaneous level-2 visual perspective taking and extended the representation and incorporation of the close others' responses (RICOR) model because people routinely construct representations of other people's points of view when they share the same racial group.
The effects of body direction and posture on taking the perspective of a humanoid avatar in a virtual environment
The results suggest that explicit perspective taking is facilitated by embodiment towards humanoid avatars, and that the avatar’s presence improved task performance.
Response initiation and inhibition and the relationship with fluid intelligence across the adult lifespan.
The results support a multifactorial theory of executive functions and provide evidence for the inclusion of multiple specific executive measures in a thorough neuropsychological assessment of age-related cognitive decline.


Egocentrism and automatic perspective taking in children and adults.
It was more difficult to judge one's own perspective when it differed from that of the other person, suggesting that the other's perspective was processed even though it interfered with self-perspective judgments.
Developmental Changes in Mental Rotation: A Dissociation Between Object-Based and Egocentric Transformations
It is tentatively proposed that children and older adults show deficits in perspective taking compared to adults as part of developmental changes of mental rotation performance.
Prioritization of Self-Relevant Perspectives in Ageing
Age modulated the ability to take perspectives primarily when participants’ own first-person perspective was task relevant, relative to younger adults.
Object-based and egocentric mental rotation performance in older adults: The importance of gender differences and motor ability
  • P. Jansen, Sandra Kaltner
  • Psychology
    Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition
  • 2014
It was showed that the mental rotation performance in older adults depends on stimulus type, kind of transformation, and gender and that performance partially relates to motor ability.
Using Perspective to Resolve Reference: The Impact of Cognitive Load and Motivation
Eye tracking is used to examine the time course with which working memory load influences perspective-taking ability in a referential communication task and how motivation to take another’s perspective modulates these effects and shows that when there is ambiguity, perspective cues guide rapid referentials interpretation when there are sufficient motivation and sufficient cognitive resources.
Inclined to see it your way: Do altercentric intrusion effects in visual perspective taking reflect an intrinsically social process?
To what extent altercentric intrusions are elicited under conditions that differed in their social relevance and, further, how these related to self-reported social perspective taking and empathy are investigated.
Strategy modulates spatial perspective-taking: evidence for dissociable disembodied and embodied routes
These findings complete a double dissociation between embodied and disembodied routes to spatial perspective-taking, implying that spatial Perspective-taking is subject to modulation by strategy, and suggesting that embodied routes to perspective- taking may place minimal demands on domain general executive functions.
The use of embodied self-rotation for visual and spatial perspective-taking
Previous research has shown that calculating if something is to someone’s left or right involves a simulative process recruiting representations of our own body in imagining ourselves in the position