Visual loss associated with rickettsial disease.

Abstract

UNLABELLED Abstract Purpose: To characterize and analyze ocular involvement associated with visual loss in a cohort of patients with rickettsial disease. METHODS Retrospective study of 16 eyes of 14 patients. RESULTS Mean initial visual acuity (VA) was 20/63 (range, 20/800-20/25). White retinal lesions infiltrating inner retina was the most common finding occurring in 14 eyes (87.5%). It was associated with a serous retinal detachment (SRD), accurately detectable by optical coherence tomography, in 11 eyes (78.6%). Other findings included optic neuropathy in 7 eyes (43.75%), cystoid macular edema in 1 eye (6.25%), branch retinal artery occlusion in 1 eye (6.25%), and choroidal neovascularization in 1 eye (6.25%). Thirteen patients were treated with a 2-week course of oral doxycycline 200 mg/day. Mean final VA was 20/40. CONCLUSIONS Inner retinitis, associated with mild vitritis and SRD, and optic neuropathy are the most common vision-threatening ocular manifestations of rickettsial disease.

DOI: 10.3109/09273948.2013.848907

Cite this paper

@article{Kahloun2014VisualLA, title={Visual loss associated with rickettsial disease.}, author={Rim Kahloun and Salma Gargouri and Nesrine Abroug and Dorra Sellami and Salim Ben Yahia and Jamel Feki and Moncef Khairallah}, journal={Ocular immunology and inflammation}, year={2014}, volume={22 5}, pages={373-8} }