Visual kin recognition in chimpanzees

  title={Visual kin recognition in chimpanzees},
  author={Lisa A Parr and Frans B.M. de Waal},
The ability to distinguish between members of one's own species has greatly assisted the evolution of sociality in mammals, leading to individualized relationships and cooperative networks. Because kin selection is important for the evolution of complex societies, other advantages must derive from the ability to distinguish kin from non-kin. Taking advantage of the chimpanzee's face-recognition abilities and computer skills,, we presented five subjects with the task of matching digitized… 
On Visual Kin Recognition and Family Resemblance in Chimpanzees
With the same matching to sample paradigm and stimulus sets as used by Parr and de Waal (1999), both humans and the PCA produced the same asymmetry in kin recognition as that found with the chimpanzees.
Visual kin recognition and family resemblance in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).
Both humans and the PCA produced the same asymmetry in kin recognition as found with the chimpanzees, and suggested that the asymmetry was a function of differences in the distribution of global characteristics associated with the framing of the faces in the son and daughter test sets.
Human Ability to Recognize Kin Visually Within Primates
Investigating the extent to which humans are able to recognize kin visually by asking human judges to assess facial resemblance in 4 other primate species suggests cognitive abilities that allow facial kin detection in conspecifics have been favored in the species by kin selection.
Kin biased investment in wild chimpanzees
Data show for the first time that wild chimpanzee males can recognise their own offspring, and whether infants prefer to interact with kin rather than with unrelated peers.
Kinship and behavior in primates
This book presents a series of review chapters on the various aspects of primate kinship and behavior, as a fundamental reference for students and professionals interested in primate behavior,
Discrimination of Faces, Sex, and Relationships by Capuchin Monkeys
Test capuchin monkeys on three computerized tasks that evaluated their ability to discriminate the faces, sexual identities and dominance relationships of conspecifics living in their own social group, a neighboring social group or completely unfamiliar individuals to elucidate how social knowledge emerges from the foundations of perception.
Visual kin recognition in nonhuman primates: (Pan troglodytes and Macaca mulatta): inbreeding avoidance or male distinctiveness?
Chimpanzees and rhesus monkeys matched conspecifics' faces of unfamiliar mothers and fathers with their sons and daughters to test inbreeding avoidance and found a cross-gender effect, which suggests that among chimpanzees, the visual recognition of facial similarities may play an important role.
Kin Selection in Primate Groups
  • J. Silk
  • Biology, Psychology
    International Journal of Primatology
  • 2004
The two cases demonstrate that kin selection can be a powerful source of altruistic activity within primate groups and need more information about the effects of kinship on the patterning of behavior across the Primates and accurate information about paternal kin relationships.
Cerebral and behavioural assymetries in animal social recognition
Evidence is here summarized that animal species belonging to distant taxa show forms of social recognition, a sophisticated cognitive ability adaptive in most social interactions, and evidence of functional lateralization for this cognitive ability is reviewed.
The limited impact of kinship on cooperation in wild chimpanzees
It is shown that male chimpanzees clearly prefer to affiliate and cooperate with their maternal brothers in several behavioral contexts, adding to a growing body of research that indicates that animals cooperate with each other to obtain both direct and indirect fitness benefits and that complex cooperation can occur between kin and nonkin alike.


Introductory Mycology
  • L. Haley
  • Biology
    The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1963
This reviewer's opinion is that an "introductory" course in mycology should include principles of physiology of fungi as well as their growth requirements and activities, which is a weak point of this book.
Am. J. Bot
  • Am. J. Bot
  • 1997
Can. J. Bot
  • Can. J. Bot
  • 1993
J. W. in Mycota
  • J. W. in Mycota