Visual ecology of Indian carpenter bees I: Light intensities and flight activity

@article{Somanathan2007VisualEO,
  title={Visual ecology of Indian carpenter bees I: Light intensities and flight activity},
  author={Hema Somanathan and R. Borges and E. Warrant and A. Kelber},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Physiology A},
  year={2007},
  volume={194},
  pages={97-107}
}
Bees are mostly active during the daytime, but nocturnality has been reported in some bee families. We studied temporal flight activity in three species of carpenter bees (genus Xylocopa) in relation to light intensities. X.leucothorax is diurnal, X. tenuiscapa is largely diurnal being only occasionally crepuscular, while X.tranquebarica is truly nocturnal. Occasional forays into dim light by X. tenuiscapa are likely to be due to the availability of richly rewarding Heterophragmaquadriloculare… Expand
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