Visual Pigments and Molecular Genetics of Color Blindness.

  title={Visual Pigments and Molecular Genetics of Color Blindness.},
  author={James K. Bowmaker},
  journal={News in physiological sciences : an international journal of physiology produced jointly by the International Union of Physiological Sciences and the American Physiological Society},
  • James K. Bowmaker
  • Published 1998 in
    News in physiological sciences : an international…
Red/green color blindness, found in ~1 in 15 men, is caused by the expression of hybrid genes coding for visual pigments. Spectral information from site-directed mutagenesis and recombinant expression has led to the possibility of correlating individual genotypes with psychophysical measurements of the severity of the deficiency.