Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design

@article{Tonder2005VisualPI,
  title={Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design},
  author={Gert J. van Tonder and Michael J. Lyons},
  journal={Axiomathes},
  year={2005},
  volume={15},
  pages={353-371}
}
We present an investigation into the relation between design principles in Japanese gardens, and their associated perceptual effects. This leads to the realization that a set of design principles described in a Japanese gardening text by Shingen (1466), shows many parallels to the visual effects of perceptual grouping, studied by the Gestalt school of psychology. Guidelines for composition of rock clusters closely relate to perception of visual figure. Garden design elements are arranged into… 

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