Visual Interpretation of Kernel-Based Prediction Models.

Abstract

Statistical models are frequently used to estimate molecular properties, e.g., to establish quantitative structure-activity and structure-property relationships. For such models, interpretability, knowledge of the domain of applicability, and an estimate of confidence in the predictions are essential. We develop and validate a method for the interpretation of kernel-based prediction models. As a consequence of interpretability, the method helps to assess the domain of applicability of a model, to judge the reliability of a prediction, and to determine relevant molecular features. Increased interpretability also facilitates the acceptance of such models. Our method is based on visualization: For each prediction, the most contributing training samples are computed and visualized. We quantitatively show the effectiveness of our approach by conducting a questionnaire study with 71 participants, resulting in significant improvements of the participants' ability to distinguish between correct and incorrect predictions of a Gaussian process model for Ames mutagenicity.

DOI: 10.1002/minf.201100059

Cite this paper

@article{Hansen2011VisualIO, title={Visual Interpretation of Kernel-Based Prediction Models.}, author={Katja Hansen and David Baehrens and Timon Schroeter and Matthias Rupp and Klaus-Robert M{\"{u}ller}, journal={Molecular informatics}, year={2011}, volume={30 9}, pages={817-26} }