Visibility of Single Atoms

  title={Visibility of Single Atoms},
  author={Albert V. Crewe and J. Wall and John P. Langmore},
  pages={1338 - 1340}
Theoretical and experimental studies indicate that, with a high-resolution scanning electron microscope, it is now possible to obtain pictures of a single heavy atom resting on a thin carbon substrate. 
Fifty years of seeing atoms
Beyond imaging atoms, clusters, and defects on a surface, today’s microscopes can distinguish elements, monitor their diffusion and redistribution near the surface, and even create designer
Ultrathin Carbon Support Films for Electron Microscopy
Carbon support films only 4 to 6 angstroms thick have been made for use in electron microscopy. The determination of their thickness is based on geometrical calculation, electron scattering
The Tunneling Microscope: A New Look at the Atomic World
A new instrument called the tunneling microscope has recently been developed that is capable of generating real-space images of surfaces showing atomic structure. These images offer a new view of
Image of a Sulfur Atom
Two-dimensional signal averaging has been applied to dark field electron micrographs of molecules of 2,3,4,5-tetraacetoxymercurithiophene and in the composite image, resulting from photographic superposition of 64 individual images, the sulfur atom in the molecule is clearly revealed.
Achievement of atomic resolution electron microscopy.
  • D. Smith
  • Chemistry
    Journal of electron microscopy technique
  • 1989
Several representative examples are chosen to illustrate the possibilities for atomic-resolution imaging of materials, and perspectives and outlook for the technique are briefly discussed.
Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy And Annular Dark Field Imaging At A Nanometer Resolution In A Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope
The basics of electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) performed in the context of a scanning transmission electron microscope are described. This includes instrumentation, information contained in
Imaging the Rhodium Atom with a Conventional High Resolution Electron Microscope
THE ability of microscopes to make single atoms of metals visible has been reported by Muller1 and more recently by Crewe et al.2. Muller has been working with the direct imaging method of field-ion


A scanning microscope with 5 A resolution.
A High‐Resolution Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope
A simple scanning transmission electron microscope has been built using a field‐emission electron source, a new electron gun, and one lens to produce a high‐contrast picture with 30 A resolution. The
Scanning Electron Microscopes: Is High Resolution Possible?
Experiments with this scanning microscope have produced extremely encouraging results so that we feel Confident in predicting high resolution and high contrast after some obvious modifications are
The current state of high resolution scanning electron microscopy.
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  • Materials Science, Medicine
    Quarterly reviews of biophysics
  • 1970
Caserio, Modern Organic Chemistry (Benjamin
  • New York,
  • 1967
We thank the many people who made this work possible, with particular gratitude to M. Beer, who provided much needed help and advice on the chemistry involved in the experiments
  • Supported by AEC