Virus-like particles-universal molecular toolboxes.

  title={Virus-like particles-universal molecular toolboxes.},
  author={Christine Ludwig and Ralf Wagner},
  journal={Current opinion in biotechnology},
  volume={18 6},
Virus-like particles (VLPs) are highly organised spheres that self-assemble from virus-derived structural antigens. These stable and versatile subviral particles possess excellent adjuvant properties capable of inducing innate and cognate immune responses. Commercialised VLP-based vaccines have been successful in protecting humans from hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and are currently explored for their potential to combat other infectious diseases and cancer… CONTINUE READING


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