Virus inactivation in the presence of quartz sand under static and dynamic batch conditions at different temperatures.

@article{Chrysikopoulos2012VirusII,
  title={Virus inactivation in the presence of quartz sand under static and dynamic batch conditions at different temperatures.},
  author={Constantinos V. Chrysikopoulos and Andriana F. Aravantinou},
  journal={Journal of hazardous materials},
  year={2012},
  volume={233-234},
  pages={148-57}
}
Virus inactivation is one of the most important factors that controls virus fate and transport in the subsurface. In this study the inactivation of viruses in the presence of quartz sand was examined. The bacteriophages MS2 and ΦX174 were used as model viruses. Experiments were performed at 4°C and 20°C, under constant controlled conditions, to investigate the effect of virus type, temperature, sand size, and initial virus concentration on virus inactivation. The experimental virus inactivation… CONTINUE READING

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