Virulence Plasmids of the Pathogenic Clostridia.

@article{RevittMills2019VirulencePO,
  title={Virulence Plasmids of the Pathogenic Clostridia.},
  author={Sarah A. Revitt-Mills and Callum J. Vidor and Thomas D. Watts and Dena Lyras and Julian I. Rood and Vicki Adams},
  journal={Microbiology spectrum},
  year={2019},
  volume={7 3}
}
The clostridia cause a spectrum of diseases in humans and animals ranging from life-threatening tetanus and botulism, uterine infections, histotoxic infections and enteric diseases, including antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and food poisoning. The symptoms of all these diseases are the result of potent protein toxins produced by these organisms. These toxins are diverse, ranging from a multitude of pore-forming toxins to phospholipases, metalloproteases, ADP-ribosyltransferases and large… 
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