Virtual reality surgical laparoscopic simulators

  title={Virtual reality surgical laparoscopic simulators},
  author={Marlies P. Schijven and Jack Jakimowicz},
  journal={Surgical Endoscopy And Other Interventional Techniques},
In the past 10 years, minimal access surgery (MAS) has replaced open surgery for a variety of procedures. In general surgery, procedures such as cholecystectomy, antireflux surgery, bariatric surgery, colon surgery, and knee and shoulder surgery are performed laparoscopically, and laparoscopy is used increasingly for surgical procedures fields of gynecology, cardiac surgery, and urology [14]. MAS imposes specific strains on the surgeon requiring specific psychomotor abilities and skills due to… CONTINUE READING