Virtual microscopy and digital pathology in training and education

  title={Virtual microscopy and digital pathology in training and education},
  author={Peter Hamilton and Yinhai Wang and Stephen McCullough},
Traditionally, education and training in pathology has been delivered using textbooks, glass slides and conventional microscopy. Over the last two decades, the number of web‐based pathology resources has expanded dramatically with centralized pathological resources being delivered to many students simultaneously. Recently, whole slide imaging technology allows glass slides to be scanned and viewed on a computer screen via dedicated software. This technology is referred to as virtual microscopy… 
Current Status of Whole-Slide Imaging in Education
Conventional light microscopy (CLM) has classically been the basic tool to teach histology and pathology. In recent years, whole-slide imaging (WSI), which consists of generating a high-magnification
Turning Microscopy in the Medical Curriculum Digital: Experiences from The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at University of Copenhagen
How a PathXL virtual microscopy system for teaching pathology and histology at the Faculty has recently been implemented is described, from an administrative, an economic, and a teaching perspective.
Implementation of an interactive virtual microscope laboratory system in teaching oral histopathology
Laboratory course acts as a key component of histopathology education. Recent trends of incorporating visual and interactive technology in active and inquiry-based learning pedagogical methods have
Remote histology learning from static versus dynamic microscopic images
The results show that practical histology scores are significantly higher with dynamic images as compared to static images, regardless of student's gender and performance level, and suggest that dynamic images should be introduced in a remote setting for microscopy education.
Digital Pathology: The Time Is Now to Bridge the Gap between Medicine and Technological Singularity
  • C. Sergi
  • Medicine
    Interactive Multimedia - Multimedia Production and Digital Storytelling
  • 2019
The purpose of specialist recertification or re-validation for the Royal College of Pathologists of Canada belonging to theRoyal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and College of American Pathologists is a milestone in virtual reality.
Randomized comparison of virtual microscopy and glass microscopy among dermatology and pathology residents during a simulated in‐training examination
The ability of residents to accurately diagnose dermatopathology cases was equivalent when tested using VM and GM, despite their overall preference for the latter, and it was demonstrated that it is possible to access VM slides remotely, albeit with potentially slow loading times.
Digital Microscopy, Image Analysis, and Virtual Slide Repository.
The current state of the technology and factors that need to be taken into account to insure optimal utility are highlighted, including preanalytical considerations and the importance of involving a pathologist in all major steps along the digital microscopy and pathology workflow.


Integrating histology and histopathology teaching in practical classes using virtual slides.
The approach developed should help to minimize the potential adverse impact of curriculum reform on the teaching of morphology, while ensuring that learning remains both meaningful and interesting.
Traditional and virtual microscopy compared experimentally in a classroom setting
This study compared the efficacy of teaching and testing one unit of histology, bone and cartilage, using two technologies, namely, virtual microscopy and traditional microscopy, and found no significant differences in test scores when they examined effects by learning group or by testing group.
Integrated approach to teaching and testing in histology with real and virtual imaging
The University of Iowa College of Medicine histology teaching laboratory incorporates extensive Web‐ and computer‐based teaching modalities, including the Virtual Microscope (VM), as emerging
Complete and rapid switch from light microscopy to virtual microscopy for teaching medical histology.
The switch from light microscopy to virtual microscopy was very favorably received by both students and faculty and data from examination scores and course evaluation surveys indicated that use of the virtual microscope may significantly improve student performance and learning efficiency.
Comparison of a virtual microscope laboratory to a regular microscope laboratory for teaching histology
  • Tonya Harris, Timothy Leaven, Paul Heidger, Clarence Kreiter, James Duncan, Fred Dick
  • Computer Science
    The Anatomical record
  • 2001
This project digitized the glass slides from urinary tract, male genital, and endocrine units and implement them in the Spring 2000 Histology course at the University of Iowa and carried out a formative evaluation of the virtual slides of these three units in a side‐by‐side comparison with the regular microscope laboratory.
The use of virtual slides in the EUROPALS examination
On-line testing using virtual slides is possible but requires a good collaboration between the provider and the user and both should be aware of the requirements and threads of large scale testing with hundreds of simultaneous users.
International examinations and specialist qualifications: A new vision for pathology training
Pathologists function in a world that from the perspective of research and patient care is increasingly global in nature. The leading journals, that together constitute the yardstick by which our
SurfaceSlide: A Multitouch Digital Pathology Platform
SurfaceSlide represents the most direct, effective and intimate human–digital slide interaction experience and is expected that SurfaceSlide will significantly enhance digital pathology tools and applications in education and clinical practice.
Aptitude testing and assessment of training progress in histopathology