Virtual colonoscopy or computed-tomography colonography is a promising new method for colorectal cancer screening. Helical computed tomography is used to generate high-resolution, two-dimensional axial images of the abdomen and pelvis. Three-dimensional images of the colon simulating those obtained with conventional colonoscopy can be reconstructed from the data obtained. Favorable attributes of virtual colonoscopy include its safety, high patient acceptance, and ability to provide a full structural evaluation of the entire colon. Multiple studies of virtual colonoscopy have been published in the literature in the past year regarding technique, image display, image reconstruction, clinical trial results, and feasibility as a screening tool. This manuscript will review the various studies in each of these areas.