Virtual Water and Water Footprints Offer Limited Insight Regarding Important Policy Questions

@article{Wichelns2010VirtualWA,
  title={Virtual Water and Water Footprints Offer Limited Insight Regarding Important Policy Questions},
  author={Dennis Wichelns},
  journal={International Journal of Water Resources Development},
  year={2010},
  volume={26},
  pages={639 - 651}
}
  • D. Wichelns
  • Published 24 November 2010
  • Economics
  • International Journal of Water Resources Development
Much of the literature regarding virtual water and water footprints focuses on the potential water savings that might be realized when water-short countries import water-intensive agricultural goods from countries with larger water endowments. Some of the published estimates of potential national and global water savings made possible through international trade are quite large and they do not reflect actual or potential opportunities to save water. Recent additions to the virtual water… Expand
Virtual water and water footprints do not provide helpful insight regarding international trade or water scarcity
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References

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It is challenging to keep pace with the many scholarly papers and articles in the popular press that are published each year on the topics of virtual water and water footprints. Many authors haveExpand
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[1] In its broadest sense, virtual water refers to the water required for the production of food commodities. Issues relating to virtual water have drawn much attention in scientific communities andExpand
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Abstract. Amid an increasing water scarcity in many parts of the world, virtual water trade as both a policy instrument and practical means to balance the local, national and global water budget hasExpand
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The topic of virtual water has received substantial attention in recent years, both in scholarly literature and the popular press. Many authors have described the “flow of virtual water” betweenExpand
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The argument that economies that face acute water scarcity problems can and should meet their water demand for food through cereal imports from water-rich countries; and that virtual water trade canExpand
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Trade in virtual water, the substitution of the use of scarce water resources for agricultural production by importing food from water-rich countries has been said to be a potential solution to waterExpand
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Virtual water refers to the water required in the production of a commodity or service. The adjective 'virtual' refers to the fact that most of the water used in the production of a commodity, is inExpand
The policy relevance of virtual water can be enhanced by considering comparative advantages
The virtual water metaphor was created originally to gain the attention of public officials responsible for choosing policies that influence the use of water resources in arid regions. Over time, theExpand
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