Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Other Anxiety Disorders

@article{Gerardi2010VirtualRE,
  title={Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Other Anxiety Disorders},
  author={Maryrose A. Gerardi and Judith Cukor and JoAnn Difede and Albert Rizzo and Barbara O. Rothbaum},
  journal={Current Psychiatry Reports},
  year={2010},
  volume={12},
  pages={298-305}
}
Anxiety disorders, including phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder, are common and disabling disorders that often involve avoidance behavior. Cognitive-behavioral treatments, specifically imaginal and in vivo forms of exposure therapy, have been accepted and successful forms of treatment for these disorders. Virtual reality exposure therapy, an alternative to more traditional exposure-based therapies, involves immersion in a computer-generated virtual environment that minimizes avoidance… Expand
Virtual treatment for veteran social anxiety disorder: A comparison of 360° video and 3D virtual reality
Abstract Virtual environments have been increasingly used in conjunction with traditional cognitive behavioral treatments for disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder and social anxietyExpand
Exposure Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis
This meta-analysis compares the findings of empirical studies that employ either a traditional form of cognitive–behavioral-based exposure therapy or virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) for theExpand
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in posttraumatic stress disorder: A brief review to open new opportunities for post-fall syndrome in elderly subjects
TLDR
The results of this review suggest the potential efficacy of VRET in the treatment of PTSD for different types of trauma and it could therefore, be specifically related to falls in elderly patients. Expand
Embodying Compassion: A Virtual Reality Paradigm for Overcoming Excessive Self-Criticism
TLDR
Whereas observation and practice of compassionate responses reduced self-criticism, the additional experience of embodiment also increased self-compassion and feelings of being safe, which suggest potential new uses for immersive virtual reality in a range of clinical conditions. Expand
Eyeblink Classical Conditioning and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – A Model Systems Approach
TLDR
A preclinical eyeblink classical conditioning model of PTSD is developed in which conditioning and hyperarousal can both be extinguished and these procedures have direct implications for the treatment of PTSD and could be implemented in a virtual reality environment. Expand
Is virtual reality exposure therapy effective for service members and veterans experiencing combat-related PTSD?
TLDR
Positive results for the use of VRET in treating combat-related PTSD are shown, though more trials are needed with both active duty service members and veterans. Expand
Virtual reality exposure therapy in anxiety disorders: a quantitative meta‐analysis
TLDR
This meta‐analysis shows that in the case of anxiety disorders, VRET does far better than the waitlist control and has a good stability of results over time, similar to that of the classical evidence‐based treatments. Expand
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Driving Phobia Disorder: System Design and Development
TLDR
This research demonstrates the systematic development of the VRET for driving phobia disorder by depicting the system framework, key system modules, system integration, bio-database management, and pre-test data analysis to support the next research efforts in hospital-based clinical trials and for additional VRET development applications for clinical psychology. Expand
Integrating Hypnosis with Other Therapies for Treating Specific Phobias: A Case Series
TLDR
Two cases of multiple specific phobias that were successfully treated with hypnotherapy combined with virtual reality exposure therapy or in vivo exposure therapy are presented. Expand
Review of exposure therapy for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder with special focus on virtual reality exposure therapy
TLDR
VRET appears to be a promising therapy modality for the treatment of combat- related PTSD that warrants further study. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
Virtual Reality Exposure for Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Abstract Two open trials of Virtual Reality based exposure therapy (VRE) to desensitize Vietnam veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to some of their traumatic memories are described. AExpand
Affective outcomes of virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety and specific phobias: a meta-analysis.
  • T. Parsons, A. Rizzo
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry
  • 2008
TLDR
Although meta-analysis revealed large declines in anxiety symptoms following VRET, moderator analyses were limited due to inconsistent reporting in the VRET literature, highlighting the need for future research studies that report uniform and detailed information regarding presence, immersion, anxiety and/or phobia duration, and demographics. Expand
Dissemination of exposure therapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder.
TLDR
Evidence on the reasons that therapists do not use exposure therapy and other cognitive-behavioral therapy programs and recent research on the dissemination of efficacious treatments of PTSD are reviewed. Expand
Virtual reality exposure therapy for active duty soldiers.
TLDR
The case outcomes parallel those reported in the research with other disorders and suggest the applicability of VRE in treating active duty soldiers with combat-related PTSD. Expand
Virtual Reality Therapy Versus Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Social Phobia: A Preliminary Controlled Study
TLDR
A preliminary study in which a virtual reality therapy (VRT), based on exposure to virtual environments, was used to treat social phobia showed statistically and clinically significant improvement in both conditions. Expand
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for World Trade Center Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report
TLDR
Depression and PTSD symptoms as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory and the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale indicated a large reduced in depression, and large reduction in PTSD symptoms after completing VR exposure therapy. Expand
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for PTSD symptoms after a road accident: an uncontrolled case series.
TLDR
Significant reductions in posttrauma symptoms involving reexperiencing, avoidance, and emotional numbing are indicated, and high levels of perceived reality ("presence") within the virtual driving situation were reported, and patients reported satisfaction with treatment. Expand
Virtual reality exposure in the treatment of social anxiety
Virtual reality as a medium for exposure therapy in the treatment of social anxiety was utilized in a private-practice setting for two different courses of individual treatment: weekly psychotherapyExpand
Virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder following September 11, 2001.
TLDR
The preliminary data suggest that VR is an effective treatment tool for enhancing exposure therapy for both civilians and disaster workers with PTSD and may be especially useful for those patients who cannot engage in imaginal exposure therapy. Expand
Virtual reality exposure therapy for Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.
TLDR
The results of an open clinical trial using VRE to treat Vietnam combat veterans who have DSM-IV PTSD hold promise for treating PTSD in Vietnam veterans. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...