Resource scheduling management design on Cloud computing is an important problem. Scheduling model, cost, quality of service, time, and conditions of the request for access to services are factors to be focused. A good task scheduler should adapt its scheduling strategy to the changing environment and load balancing Cloud task scheduling policy. Therefore, in this paper, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) is applied to optimize the scheduling of Virtual Machine (VM) on Cloud computing. The main contribution of work is to analyze the difference of VM load balancing algorithm and to reduce the makespan of data processing time. The scheduling strategy was simulated using CloudSim tools. Experimental results indicated that the combination of the proposed ABC algorithm, scheduling based on the size of tasks, and the Longest Job First (LJF) scheduling algorithm performed a good performance scheduling strategy in changing environment and balancing work load which can reduce the makespan of data processing time.