Viral and microbial community dynamics in four aquatic environments.

Abstract

The species composition and metabolic potential of microbial and viral communities are predictable and stable for most ecosystems. This apparent stability contradicts theoretical models as well as the viral-microbial dynamics observed in simple ecosystems, both of which show Kill-the-Winner behavior causing cycling of the dominant taxa. Microbial and viral metagenomes were obtained from four human-controlled aquatic environments at various time points separated by one day to >1 year. These environments were maintained within narrow geochemical bounds and had characteristic species composition and metabolic potentials at all time points. However, underlying this stability were rapid changes at the fine-grained level of viral genotypes and microbial strains. These results suggest a model wherein functionally redundant microbial and viral taxa are cycling at the level of viral genotypes and virus-sensitive microbial strains. Microbial taxa, viral taxa, and metabolic function persist over time in stable ecosystems and both communities fluctuate in a Kill-the-Winner manner at the level of viral genotypes and microbial strains.

DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2010.1

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@article{RodriguezBrito2010ViralAM, title={Viral and microbial community dynamics in four aquatic environments.}, author={Beltran Rodriguez-Brito and Linlin Li and Linda Wegley and Mike Furlan and Florent E. Angly and Mya Breitbart and John Buchanan and Christelle Desnues and Elizabeth A. Dinsdale and Robert A. Edwards and Ben Felts and Matthew Haynes and Hong Liu and David A. Lipson and Joseph M. Mahaffy and Anna Belen Martin-Cuadrado and Alex Mira and Jim Nulton and Lejla Pa{\vs}i{\'c} and Steve Rayhawk and Jennifer Rodriguez-Mueller and Francisco Rodr{\'i}guez-Valera and Peter Salamon and Shailaja Srinagesh and Tron Frede Thingstad and Tuong Xuan Tran and Rebecca L. Vega Thurber and Dana Willner and Merry Youle and Forest Rohwer}, journal={The ISME journal}, year={2010}, volume={4 6}, pages={739-51} }