Violent offending by UK military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: a data linkage cohort study

@article{MacManus2013ViolentOB,
  title={Violent offending by UK military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: a data linkage cohort study},
  author={Deirdre MacManus and Kimberlie Dean and Margaret Jones and Roberto J Rona and Neil Greenberg and Lisa Hull and Thomas A. Fahy and Simon Wessely and Nicola T. Fear},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2013},
  volume={381},
  pages={907-917}
}
BACKGROUND Violent offending by veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts is a cause for concern and there is much public debate about the proportion of ex-military personnel in the criminal justice system for violent offences. Although the psychological effects of conflict are well documented, the potential legacy of violent offending has yet to be ascertained. We describe our use of criminal records to investigate the effect of deployment, combat, and post-deployment mental health… Expand
Violent crime among Swedish military veterans after deployment to Afghanistan: a population-based matched cohort study
TLDR
The violent crime conviction rate after returning from military deployment to Afghanistan was not different compared with non-deployed comparators in individuals without history of violent crime convictions. Expand
Impact of Violence Violent crime among Swedish military veterans after deployment to Afghanistan: a population-based matched cohort study
Objective: To investigate the incidence of violent crime conviction among Swedish military veterans after deployment to Afghanistan versus non-deployed comparators. The main outcome was firstExpand
Exposure to combat and traumatic events increases risk of violent offending among military personnel
  • T. Ward
  • Medicine
  • Evidence-Based Mental Health
  • 2013
TLDR
It is concluded that increased rates of aggression after military deployment is related to combat exposure and the presence of mental health problems is therapeutically important, and the discovery that alcohol abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder hyperarousal are predictive of postdeployment violence is of particular interest. Expand
Violent behavior among military reservists
TLDR
Higher levels of self-reported post-deployment violence in UK Reservists who had served in either Iraq or Afghanistan are demonstrated, highlighting the risk of violent behavior associated with post- deployment mental health problems. Expand
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TLDR
Ex-military personnel are more likely to commit violent offences after leaving service than other offence-types, and socio-economic stability is associated with reduced risk of offending among military veterans with these problems. Expand
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It has long been known that individuals deployed to war and conflict zones might suffer from mental health problems after returning home. This thesis investigated suicide, violent crime, divorce andExpand
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TLDR
Investigating the extent to which post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other risk factors predict future violent behaviour in military veterans found co-occurring PTSD and alcohol misuse was associated with a marked increase in violence and aggression in veterans. Expand
Former Armed Forces personnel in the Criminal Justice System.
TLDR
The review states that identifi cation of former Armed Forces personnel throughout the Criminal Justice System is patchy and in some instances nonexistent and recommends better collaboration between criminal justice and mental health agencies, both within the National Health Service and the third sector. Expand
Aggressive and violent behavior among military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: prevalence and link with deployment and combat exposure.
TLDR
A systematic review and meta-analyses of studies of the prevalence of aggressive and violent behavior among military personnel following deployment to Iraq and/or Afghanistan support the mediating role of PTSD between combat and postdeployment violence and the importance of alcohol, especially if comorbid with PTSD. Expand
Offending behaviour, health and wellbeing of military veterans in the criminal justice system
TLDR
Among offenders in the CJS who have been identified as needing health or welfare support, veterans differ from non-veterans in terms of their health and welfare needs and offending behaviour. Expand
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