Violence-related mortality in Iraq from 2002 to 2006.

  title={Violence-related mortality in Iraq from 2002 to 2006.},
  author={Amir H Alkhuzai and Ihsan J Ahmad and Mohammed J Hweel and Thakir W Ismail and Hanan Hasan and Abdul Rahman Younis and Osman Shawani and Vian M Al-Jaf and Mahdi M Al-Alak and L. H. Rasheed and Suham M Hamid and Naeema al-Gasseer and F Azeem Majeed and Naira A Al Awqati and Mohamed M. Ali and Jan Ties Boerma and Colin D. Mathers},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  volume={358 5},
BACKGROUND Estimates of the death toll in Iraq from the time of the U.S.-led invasion in March 2003 until June 2006 have ranged from 47,668 (from the Iraq Body Count) to 601,027 (from a national survey). Results from the Iraq Family Health Survey (IFHS), which was conducted in 2006 and 2007, provide new evidence on mortality in Iraq. METHODS The IFHS is a nationally representative survey of 9345 households that collected information on deaths in the household since June 2001. We used multiple… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Fifty years of violent war deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia: analysis of data from the world health survey programme
The use of data on sibling history from peacetime population surveys can retrospectively estimate mortality from war, and there is no evidence of a recent decline in war deaths.
Assessing Mortality in Conflicts: A Comparison of Surveys from Iraq, Darfur and the Democratic Republic of Congo
In 2004, the Lancet published results from a survey that estimated the death toll attributable to the conflict in Iraq until then at almost 100,000. Since that moment, the topic has been subject of a
Injuries, Death, and Disability Associated with 11 Years of Conflict in Baghdad, Iraq: A Randomized Household Cluster Survey
Intentional injuries added substantially to the burden of unintentional injuries for the population in Baghdad and the phases of the Iraqi conflict are reflected in the patterns of injuries and consequent deaths reported.
Violence-related mortality in Iraq, 2002-2006.
  • G. Burnham
  • Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 2008
Bispectral index monitoring to prevent awareness during anaesthesia: the B-Aware randomised controlled trial and the misuse of power when interpreting results.
Global and regional causes of death.
An overview of the met and methods used by the World Health Organization to develop global-, regional- and country-level estimates of mortality for a comprehensive set of causes for the year 2004 is provided.
The Effect on Fertility of the 2003–2011 War in Iraq
Examination of the age patterns of fertility reveals an abrupt shift in the timing of births, with adolescent fertility rising by over 30 percent soon after the onset of the war and a decomposition analysis shows that the rise in early childbearing is due to an increased prevalence of early marriage among less-educated women.
A Survey of National Physicians Working in an Active Conflict Zone: The Challenges of Emergency Medical Care in Iraq
Study findings demonstrate high levels of violent behavior directed toward doctors in Iraqi Emergency Departments, as well as staffing shortages and a lack of formal training in emergency medical care.
Iraqi Children were commonly victims of violence during invasion and occupation of Iraq, and there seems to be inadequate protection for children during the years 2003–2004.


Adult mortality: time for a reappraisal.
Sibling history data collected in similar household surveys seems to contain adequate information to estimate adult mortality rates, though there are problems with underreporting, and this paper uses sibling survival schedules from 29 Demographic and Health Surveys to generate estimates.
Estimating adult mortality rates in the context of the AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of DHS sibling histories.
The results indicate surprising consistency with external data and underscore the expected but hitherto only sparsely documented association between residence in high HIV-prevalence areas and sharply elevated mortality risk during the relevant adult ages.
Wanted: studies on mortality estimation methods for humanitarian emergencies, suggestions for future research
Measuring rates and circumstances of population mortality (in particular crude and under-5 year mortality rates) is essential to evidence-based humanitarian relief interventions. Because prospective
Estimation of adult mortality from data on adult siblings.
The characteristics and distribution of the age differences between an index individual and his or her siblings are investigated as a basis for the development of a simple regression-based method for estimating adult survivorship from data on the survival of a respondents adult siblings.
Some results from asian population growth studies.
Covering of live births has generally been more complete than that for deaths and unadjusted rates of natural increase tend to be underestimates, but there is great variability within each type of collection system in the coverage rates observed.
An Introduction to the Bootstrap
15 Empirical Bayes Method, 2nd edition J.S. Maritz and T. Lwin (1989) Symmetric Multivariate and Related Distributions K.-T. Fang, S. Kotz and K. Ng (1989) Ieneralized Linear Models, 2nd edition P.
Occurrence and overlap of natural disasters, complex emergencies and epidemics during the past decade (1995–2004)
The data presented in this article do not support the often-repeated assertion that epidemics, especially large-scale Epidemics, commonly occur following large- scale natural disasters.