Violence during pregnancy: measurement issues.

  title={Violence during pregnancy: measurement issues.},
  author={Terri J. Ballard and Linda E. Saltzman and Julie A. Gazmararian and Alison M. Spitz and Suzanne Lazorick and James S. Marks},
  journal={American journal of public health},
  volume={88 2},
OBJECTIVES Standardized quantitative methods are needed to study occurrence and timing of violence in relation to pregnancy and to study the context in which pregnancy-related violence occurs. METHODS Data from three published studies of prevalence of violence during pregnancy are used to illustrate ways to measure the association of violence in relation to pregnancy. RESULTS Four patterns of violence in relation to pregnancy are identified, and related research issues are discussed. Also… CONTINUE READING

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