Violence and its Impact on Loyalty and Identity Formation in Late Ottoman Kosovo: Muslims and Christians in a Period of Reform and Transformation1

@article{Frantz2009ViolenceAI,
  title={Violence and its Impact on Loyalty and Identity Formation in Late Ottoman Kosovo: Muslims and Christians in a Period of Reform and Transformation1},
  author={Eva Anne Frantz},
  journal={Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs},
  year={2009},
  volume={29},
  pages={455 - 468}
}
  • Eva Anne Frantz
  • Published 1 December 2009
  • History
  • Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs
In this paper, the interdependency of various forms of violence and identity formation processes in late Ottoman Kosovo will be analysed. The paper will demonstrate that within different contexts of violence, identity and loyalty were constructed and increasingly exclusive forms of identities were fostered. These were, though, not national, but showed rather traditional patterns. Violence shaped everyday life regardless of religion, within the framework of customary law, vendetta, notions of… 
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