Violence, organized crime, and illicit drug markets: a Canadian case study

  title={Violence, organized crime, and illicit drug markets: a Canadian case study},
  author={Stephen Schneider},
This article tests two inter-related theories on the situational causes of violence in illicit drug markets: (i) drug markets that are unstable are more prone to violence and (ii) there is a higher risk of instability, and hence conflict and violence, in drug markets characterized by pure competition. These theories are applied to the violence that occurred between the Hell’s Angels and its rivals over dominance in Quebec’s lucrative cocaine market during the 1990s. The theory that violence… 
A Tale of Two Cities
Despite increasing evidence of greatly differentiated illicit drug markets, common depictions and conceptualizations of “the” drug market remain subject to overhomogenization. As regards drug
Open drug markets, vulnerable neighbourhoods and gun violence in two Swedish cities
ABSTRACT Gun violence is a serious issue in many countries across the globe. It has been shown that there is an elevated risk for a further shooting nearby within a short time span of a shooting
The most typical characteristics like the use of violence, corruption and money laundering shape the modus operandi of organized crime. The use of violence and intimidation against victims, against
Illicit financial flows: Illicit narcotics transiting West Africa
This paper explores the flow of illicit narcotics transiting West Africa. It is divided into four sections, providing an overview of the nature and scope of the illicit narcotic economy, the networks
A Case study analysis of the Montreal (CANADA) Chapter of the Hells Angels outlaw Motorcycle Club (HAMC) (1995-2010): Applying the crime business analysis matrix (CBAM)
For many years the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club (HAMC) was a dominant force in Quebec, Canada. The available academic literature indicates that the group's strength arose from a variety of factors,
Drug-related harm coinciding with income assistance payments: results from a community-based cohort of people who use drugs.
In Vancouver, Canada, people who use illicit drugs who receive income assistance report high prevalence of payment-coincident drug-related harm, particularly people experiencing socioeconomic and structural marginalization or engaging in high-intensity drug use.
Employment Cessation, Long Term Labour Market Engagement and HIV Infection Risk Among People Who Inject Drugs in an Urban Canadian Setting
It is suggested that employment cessation coincides with initiating exposure to aspects of socioeconomic marginalization and drug use associated with HIV infection risk, and support for employment retention that prevents poverty entrenchment and harmful drug use could contribute to HIV prevention measures for PWID.
Recent publications on organized crime
A list of publications on organized crime including one by Zhivan J. Alach on the taxonomy organized crime, one by Edward R. Kleemans on human trafficking and one by Andrea Lange on using a call


Investigating the Connections Between Race, Illicit Drug Markets, and Lethal Violence, 1984-1997
Many scholars have speculated that the dramatic rise of homicide rates in the late 1980s and their subsequent decline in the 1990s was driven by the expansion and contraction of illegal drug markets
Systemic violence in drug markets
Even without the protection of the state and courts, illegal drug markets are generally peaceable. However occasionally specific markets exhibit high levels of violence. This essay examines the
Illicit markets and violence: what is the relationship?
Illicit global markets, such as the smuggling of people and goods across borders, share some core characteristics: They are unauthorized by the sending and/or receiving jurisdiction and they operate
Drug markets and the selective use of violence
Drug markets and violence are often presented as inextricably linked. Yet, the use of organized violence by trafficking networks against each other and against the state is not uniform. Insights into
Violence and Organized Crime
Violence in the world of organized crime has been more common than in other segments of the social structure, mostly because of the absence of alternative control systems available to the highly
A Conceptual Framework for Operationalizing the Relationship between Violence and Drug Market Stability
The existence of a relationship between violence and drug market operation and activity has been well established in the research literature. In recent years increasing attention has been given
This investigation considers the connections among street gangs, “crack” cocaine, and violence associated with crack distribution during the initial years of crack proliferation. Data were extracted
“Slinging dope”: The role of gangs and gang members in drug sales
There are two competing views about the role of gangs and gang members in drug sales. The first argues that street gangs are well-organized purveyors of illegal drugs who reinvest the profits from
North American Organised Crime
The Italian-American mafia is one of the most enduring images of organised crime, but separating fictional images of organised crime from the real thing has not been easy. Overall, organised crime is
The Geography of Drug Activity and Violence: Analyzing Spatial Relationships of Non-Homogenous Crime Event Types
  • C. Lum
  • Law
    Substance use & misuse
  • 2008
The findings indicate that while drugs and violence often exhibit overlapping spatial patterns, important variations exist in the spatial relationship between the two.