Violence, gender and WASH: spurring action on a complex, under-documented and sensitive topic

@article{Sommer2015ViolenceGA,
  title={Violence, gender and WASH: spurring action on a complex, under-documented and sensitive topic},
  author={Marni Sommer and Suzanne Ferron and Sue Cavill and Sarah House},
  journal={Environment \& Urbanization},
  year={2015},
  volume={27},
  pages={105 - 116}
}
The global community of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) researchers, practitioners and policy makers has to date inadequately addressed the challenge of vulnerability to violence in relation to access to water and sanitation in development and humanitarian emergency contexts. Reasons may include the lack of valid and reliable documentation of girls’, boys’, women’s, and men’s experiences of violence while accessing water and/or sanitation facilities; the sensitivity of the topic, with… Expand
Access to sanitation and violence against women: evidence from Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data in Kenya
TLDR
This study analyzed 2008 Kenya Demographic Health Survey’s data and found women who primarily practice open defecation, particularly in disorganized communities, had higher odds of experiencing recent non-partner violence. Expand
Drivers of women’s sanitation practices in informal settlements in sub-Saharan Africa: a qualitative study in Mathare Valley, Kenya
TLDR
Women identified neighborhood disorganization, fear of victimization, lack of privacy, and cleanliness/dirtiness of facilities as important factors in the choices they make about their sanitation practices, suggesting that future sanitation-related interventions and policies may need to consider strategies that focus not only on toilet provision or adoption but also on issues of space and community dynamics. Expand
Women 'holding it' in urban India: Toilet avoidance as an under-recognized health outcome of sanitation insecurity.
TLDR
This study quantitatively analyzes survey data on women from urban slums across three cities in Maharashtra, India whose households constructed a toilet through an intervention programme to provide substantial support for the prevalence of habitual toilet avoidance among vulnerable urban women without access to safe sanitation. Expand
Household sanitation facilities and women’s risk of non-partner sexual violence in India
TLDR
Empirical evidence is provided that lacking household sanitation is associated with higher risk of NPSV, and the results of the falsification test indicate that open defecation is not correlated with IPSV, thus disconfirming a simultaneous selection of women into open def feces and sexual violence. Expand
Non-Partner Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Built Environment: A Multicountry Analysis of the Effects of Sanitation, Water Access, and Urban Settings
TLDR
The results suggest that sanitation and water access are associated with risk of NPV in a number of countries in the region, particularly in urban settings. Expand
Neighborhood Disorganization and Women’s Sanitation Utilization Practices in Mathare Valley, Kenya
Approximately, 2.4 billion people, globally, lack access to safe toilets. The burden of this deficiency falls disproportionately on women living in informal settlements in developing countries. WhileExpand
Women’s sanitation practices in informal settlements: A multi-level analysis of factors influencing utilisation in Nairobi, Kenya
TLDR
It is suggested that availability of toilets may not be enough to eliminate sanitation-related health risks in informal settlements, and future interventions may need to address other barriers to sanitation access if sustainable gains in this important public health area are to be achieved. Expand
Water, sanitation and hygiene: measuring gender equality and empowerment
TLDR
A compilation of current water, sanitation and hygiene indicators that measure gender equality and empowerment in four interrelated priority areas is offered and where further research is needed is identified to better measure gendered aspects of water, sewerage and hygiene at programme, national and global levels. Expand
Sanitation and Hygiene of Darjeeling City: A Crisis for Women and Adolescent Girls
By the end of the Millennium Development Goal's target year, 2015, India had been declared as a country, which has made moderate progress in terms of improvement in basic sanitation provision forExpand
Measuring gender-based violence risk mitigation in humanitarian settings: results from a comprehensive desk review and systematic mapping
  • Jocelyn TD Kelly, Emily Ausubel, +4 authors Vandana Sharma
  • Medicine
  • BMJ open
  • 2021
Objectives To systematically document measurement approaches used in the monitoring and evaluation of gender-based violence (GBV) risk mitigation activities, categorise the types of availableExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Conceptualising gender and violence in research: Insights from studies in schools and communities in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique
Gender and violence are complex and contested concepts, understood in varying ways in research, policy and interventions in education. Often there has been an emphasis on acts of violence, with muchExpand
Education and Empowerment of Girls against Gender-based Violence
  • F. Chege
  • Psychology, Political Science
  • 2007
Violence may be defined generally as the mechanism by which unequal power relations are maintained through the infliction of physical or emotional pain on one person by another. However, genderExpand
Assessing Refugee Camp Characteristics and The Occurrence of Sexual Violence: A Preliminary Analysis of the Dadaab Complex
Most studies examining rape in war contexts focus on the characteristics of the perpetrators of collective rape. Where previous scholars focus on victims or civilians it is often at the general levelExpand
Helping international non-government organisations (INGOs) to include a focus on gender-based violence during the emergency phase: lessons learned from Haiti 2010–2011
TLDR
Why measures to ensure protection from gender-based violence and sexual exploitation and abuse, do not always take precedence for humanitarian actors during an emergency response, and what can be done to support organisations to integrate this aspect of protection into their humanitarian work. Expand
Researching Gender Violence in Schools: Methodological and Ethical Considerations
Summary This paper examines a number of methodological and ethical issues around research with children, arising from a recent study of the abuse of adolescent girls in schools in three AfricanExpand
Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: an anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial distress in Ethiopia.
Water insecurity is a primary underlying determinant of global health disparities. While public health research on water insecurity has focused mainly on two dimensions, water access and adequacy, anExpand
Women and Access to Water in Rural Uganda: A Review
In Uganda, water (or the water sector) is recognized as key in achieving economic growth and development, and maintaining a healthy and economically productive population. Access to water is aExpand
Intersections of ‘sanitation, sexual coercion and girls’ safety in schools’
TLDR
This study aims to explore safety for girls in schools, particularly how girls perceive and negotiate dangers and risks associated with the use of toilets, and to explore girls' perceptions of risk and how they negotiate risks. Expand
Our needs, our priorities; women and men from the slums in Mumbai and Pune talk about their needs for water and sanitation
This paper presents extracts from interviews with slum dwellers, primarily women, in Mumbai and Pune, and discusses the conditions they cope with every day with regard to water and sanitation, andExpand
Safe access to safe water in low income countries: water fetching in current times.
TLDR
Gender differences in water carrying are considered and data about water access and carrying from 44 countries that participated in the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) program is summarized. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...